Intro to International Psychology

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  • Created by: The Shrew
  • Created on: 07-02-16 15:35
Wundt
First experimental lab, Uni of Leipzig, International
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Wundt's 'two psychologies'
Quantitative lab studies/ Qualitative field work
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Paris 1889
International Congress of Psychology
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Yale 1929
First in USA, 826 delegates, 21 countries (majority American)
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International Union of Psychology Science formed in
1965- Present
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1829
APA 1st Psychological society
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1900
41 psychology labs
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1929
Europe starts to be separated from rest of world- focus on objectivity, quantitative data, individual differences, adaptation
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USA dominant
20-25%, APA- 100,000 people, $80 million, 50 books annually
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Adair et al
6% not English, 55% 1st authors entries from USA, developing countries 4.7%
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Top 5 countries
USA, UK, Canada, Germany, Australia
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4 limitations of Western Psychology
Unilateral Gloabalization, Ethnocentric (judging from Western perspective), limited external validity, individualistic (context free)
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Positivism
Results can only be established by scientific inquiry
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Constantine et al
Asian international women adjusting to USA college- different culture, language, discrimination- Subjective and holistic methods
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Language issues
Most publications in English, conferences in English, Isolates non-English speakers- disregarded
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Monoculturalism->
Multiculturalism
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Enlightened globalization of psychology
Sharing, understanding, respect
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Scope for International Psychology (5)
Learning, exchange of ideas, understanding, alternative theories for different cultures, solve international problems
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International Psychology
Between the world, bidirectional, sharing knowledge
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Global psychology
Across countries, uni-directional, transfer of same psychology
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Multicultural psychology
Cultural and ethnic diversity in same social space
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Cross-cultural psychology
Measuring same phenomenon across cultures
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Alternative/ Indigenous psychology
Examining beliefs, knowledge, skills of indigenous people, understanding in context- no pre-existing biases or theories
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Growth in (4)
Norway, Israel, Spain, Argentina
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Large scale growth
Asia, Sub-Sahara Africa
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Small scale regions
Research with indigenous people
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2 definitions of 'developing country'
Economic indicators (gross domestic products/ annual per capita income- could be big difference between rich and poor)/ Health indicators (mortality rate)
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Moghaddam
3 words of psychology- USA/ Developed countries/ Developing countries
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Challenges to growth of psychology in developing countries (5)
Socio-political factors (west threaten traditional culture and values)/ Political influences (former colonies, close allies)/ International linkage (or lack of)/ public perception of psychology/ poor career prospects
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Diversity in the UK- theory
Child development, language, communication and self identity
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Research
Barriers to participation, recruitment, materials and ethics
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Practice
Mental health settings, GPs, schools, health promotion, advertising
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High vs low context communication
High= context varies meaning/ Low= words carry meaning
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Low
German- Swiss, Germans, Scandinavians
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High
Asians- avoids confrontation, save face/ being direct can cause confusion or upset
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Card 2

Front

Wundt's 'two psychologies'

Back

Quantitative lab studies/ Qualitative field work

Card 3

Front

Paris 1889

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Yale 1929

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

International Union of Psychology Science formed in

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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