International relations

What does USSR stand for?
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
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Name four countries that declared independence in 1918.
Any four from Ukraine, Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Transcaucasia (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan)
2 of 55
Which three countries were known as Transcaucasia?
Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan
3 of 55
Which four countries intervened in the civil war?
GB, USA, France, Japan
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What was arguably the primary reason for Japan's intervention? (civil war)
Securing land and ports for themselves
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By what year had all four powers pulled out? (civil war)
1920
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When was the USSR officially formed?
1922
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What was the Comintern?
The Third Communist International
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What was the purpose of the Comintern?
The promotion of world wide revolution (spread Communism)
9 of 55
Who was made first Chairman of the Comintern?
Grigori Zinoviev
10 of 55
What event eventually led to Lenin turning away from westward expansion?
Defeat in the war against Poland
11 of 55
What 3 things did the Rapallo Treaty establish between the USSR and Germany?
Re-established diplomatic relations, cancelled all territorial and financial claims of either side, promised greater economic co-operation
12 of 55
What was the 1921 agreement between Britain and the USSR called?
The Anglo – Soviet Trade agreement
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What was the effect of the Zinoviev letter?
The new conservative government in Britain remained wary of diplomatic support for the Soviet Union throughout the 1920s
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Who formed the ‘triumvirate’ in 1923 that was hostile to Trotsky?
Stalin, Kamenev, Zinoviev
15 of 55
Name the three Commissars for foreign affairs in the Soviet Union between April 1918 and March 1949
Chicherin, Litvinov, Molotov
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Who was the Soviet foreign commissar from May 1939?
Molotov
17 of 55
Name 3 factors that influenced Soviet foreign policy
ideology, security, economic backwardness, views of policy makers, internal situation, attitudes of other countries
18 of 55
Which 2 treaties started cooperation with Germany?
Rapallo and Berlin treaties
19 of 55
How did cooperation with the USSR benefit Germany?
The German Army could carry out military operations in vast soviet territory, banned by T of V
20 of 55
What opened in Moscow in 1933 to aid Soviet – USA relations?
An American Embassy
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In what year did the USSR enter the League of Nations?
1934
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What foreign policy change did Stalin announce in Pravda in 1934?
Soviet Communism was to cooperate with democratic socialists to fight against fascism
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Which two countries did Stalin sign pacts with in 1932?
France and Czechoslovakia
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In what year did Hitler re – militarise the Rhineland?
1936
25 of 55
What decision did Stalin make in September 1936?
To intervene in the Spanish Civil war
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How did Stalin’s policies in the Spanish Civil war change in 1937?
he now tried to prolong the war to weaken the Nazis
27 of 55
What did the crisis in Czechoslovakia in 1938 and the subsequent Munich conference teach Stalin?
That the Soviet Union could not rely on or trust the western powers
28 of 55
What was the anti–Comintern pact signed by Japan and Nazi Germany in 1936?
they agreed to take joint action against ‘interference’ in their internal affairs by the Comintern
29 of 55
What were the consequences for both Japan and the USSR after the short war they fought between May and September 1939?
Japan – weakened and left USSR alone in the upcoming WWII. USSR – they needed to stay strong in the east and also needed to re – negotiate with Western powers
30 of 55
In what month and year was the Nazi-Soviet Pact signed?
August 1939
31 of 55
What benefits did Stalin gain from this agreement?
protection from a German war, breathing space, territorial gains
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What outcome of the beginning of WWII surprised Stalin?
France capitulating so quickly
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In what month and year did Hitler break the Nazi – Soviet Pact?
June 1941
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What seemed to be the one consistency with Stalin’s foreign policy?
Obsession with defending the USSR against all enemies
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When was the Potsdam Conference?
Jul / Aug 1945
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When did Churchill make his famous speech in Fulton, Missouri?
March 1946
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Why was Stalin wary of Leningrad?
‘Window the West’
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What does MAD stand for?
Mutually Assured Destruction
39 of 55
Name one of the privileges of being a high ranking party member
Access to consumer goods, foreign travel
40 of 55
How much money did The Truman Doctrine agree would be used to help Greece & Turkey?
4 billion dollars
41 of 55
In what year did The Communist National Front overwhelmingly win the elections in Czechoslovakia?
1948
42 of 55
When did Stalin ‘Blockade’ Berlin from the western part of Germany?
June 1948 (BONUS: Do you know why he did this?)
43 of 55
When did the USSR produce their first Atom bomb?
1949
44 of 55
Give two examples of anti – cosmopolitan laws in post war USSR
only high-ranking party officials could travel abroad, marriages with foreigners forbidden, foreign films/books/art denounced.
45 of 55
'Government ceased to function' as Stalin dealt directly with individual officials rather than leading Party as a group. Who said this of Stalin’s post war government?
Molotov
46 of 55
In what year was Nato formed?
1949
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When was the blockade eventually lifted after the allies airlifted supplies into Berlin?
May 1949
48 of 55
Which leading member of the politburo who died in 1948 had possibly been marked out by Stalin as his successor?
Zhdanov
49 of 55
Give two examples of Post WWII Stalinist propaganda.
Appeared taller than Lenin, skin was airbrushed, huge celebrations for his 70th Bday in 1949
50 of 55
When was the second communist uprising in Greece?
1946
51 of 55
Who was the US Secretary of State in June 1947?
George Marshall
52 of 55
What did his plan entail? (George Marshall's plan)
Money to Western powers
53 of 55
Name the three conferences of the Grand Alliance
Tehran, Yalta, Potsdam
54 of 55
When did the Korean War end?
1953
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name four countries that declared independence in 1918.

Back

Any four from Ukraine, Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Transcaucasia (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan)

Card 3

Front

Which three countries were known as Transcaucasia?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Which four countries intervened in the civil war?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was arguably the primary reason for Japan's intervention? (civil war)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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