International Aggression

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: The Shrew
  • Created on: 05-05-16 13:10
Homicide data from 207 countries- most in.... Due to...
Africa/ low economic development
1 of 39
... committed by firearm/ America=.../ Europe=...
42%/ 74%/ 21%
2 of 39
More in Central America- linked to
drug trafficking
3 of 39
Freud's drives
Thantos + Eros
4 of 39
Biological
Type A Personality/ Testosterone levels
5 of 39
Situational
Frustration-Aggression model- aggression mediated by Temperature/ Crowding
6 of 39
Social factors
SLT
7 of 39
Culture
Individualism vs collectivism/ co-operation vs competitive
8 of 39
Brislin
Who am I? either consider self as individual or part of a group
9 of 39
Hofstede
Individualist= America/ Europe, Collectivist= Latin America/ Asia/ Africa
10 of 39
Filal Piety
Respect for parents
11 of 39
Forbes et al
I-C dimensions and gender on college students- direct and indirect aggression
12 of 39
Direct and Indirect Aggression
USA> Poland> China
13 of 39
Indirect vs Direct
Indirect> Direct except in polish men
14 of 39
Differences in Collectivism in China and Japan
China- authority orientated+ family- respect elders, filial piety
15 of 39
Power distance
(degree of inequality between powerful and non-powerful) High= Philippines, Mexico, India/ Low= New Zealand, Sweden, Austria
16 of 39
Uncertainty avoidance
(degree to which people feel uncomfortable in uncertain environments) High= Greece, Japan, Belgium/ Low= GB, Hong Kong, Sweden
17 of 39
Masculinity/ Femininity
Traditional roles- High= Japan, Italy, Austrai/ Low= Netherlands/ Sweden/ Norway
18 of 39
Long term/ Short term orientation
(whether outlook or traditions are short or long term) Long Term= China, Hong Kong, Japan/ Short Term= GB, Africa, Arab, Latin America
19 of 39
High power distance
More aggression- used to maintain power/ Frustration-Aggression model
20 of 39
Uncertainty avoidance
High- emphasis on rules and norms= stress= aggression
21 of 39
Masculinity
Task orientation/ assertiveness= aggression
22 of 39
Tajfel
Choose ingroup that maximises positive social identity
23 of 39
Ingroup aggression restricted
In nearly all cultures
24 of 39
More aggression to outgroups or former members of ingroups in
Collectivist culture
25 of 39
Forbes et al
Reaction to potentially conflict-inducing situation in students in USA or China/ either about ingroup or outgroup/ 4 responses: Conflict reducing/ Verbal Aggression/ Physical Aggression/ Indirect Aggression
26 of 39
Conflict reducing behaviour
China> USA/ no difference in women/ ingroups> outgroups
27 of 39
Verbal aggression
USA> China/ Outgroup> Ingroup- bigger difference in men
28 of 39
Physical aggression
No difference between countries/ Men> Women/ Outgroup> Ingroup- bigger difference for men
29 of 39
Indirect aggression
No difference between countries/ Outgroup> Ingroup
30 of 39
Cultural attribution fallacy
Differences may not be due to culture
31 of 39
Triandis
Gap between cultures= cultural distance= miscommunication= conflict
32 of 39
Horizontal/ Vertical
Horizontal collectivism= happy for others/ Horizontal individualism= reliance on self rather than others/ Vertical collectivism= respect for authority/ Vertical individualism= have to be better than others
33 of 39
Active/ Passive cultures
Active- change environment to fit self/ Passive- change self to fit environment
34 of 39
Universalism/ Particularism
Universalism= Treat others same/ Particularism= treat others differently based on who they are
35 of 39
Diffuse/ Specific
Diffuse= respond to environment holistically/ Specific= discriminate between different aspects
36 of 39
Instrumental/ Expressive
Instrumental= worth assessed in material attributes/ Expressive= worth in social, emotional, feelings
37 of 39
Treatment of outgroups- Vertical/ Active/ Universalist/ Diffuse/ Instrumental
Vertical= others are different/ Active= change environment- get rid of others/ Universalist= one person killed- treat others same/ diffuse= no distinction between people- just 'enemy'/ Instrumental= more effective warfare
38 of 39
5 dangerous ideas
Superiority, Injustice, Vulnerability, Distrust, Helplessness
39 of 39

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

... committed by firearm/ America=.../ Europe=...

Back

42%/ 74%/ 21%

Card 3

Front

More in Central America- linked to

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Freud's drives

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Biological

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all International Psychology resources »