Interference Theory

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1. What is retroactive interference?

  • A memory is instantly forgotten
  • A memory goes straight to the short term memory
  • When a newer memory interferes with an older memory
  • When an older memory interferes with a newer memory
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2. What did Sperling (1960) suggest about decay?

  • Decay isn't a big problem
  • There is evidence to suggest that information is lost through decay from the sensory memory
  • Decay doesn't exist
  • There isn't any evidence to suggest that decay takes place

3. What does the theory of trace decay suggest?

  • Memories are never forgotten
  • That all memory leaves a trace on the brain
  • Memories are instantly forgotten
  • Trace decay only occurs in the elderly

4. What is a weakness of the studies that look at interference?

  • They don't use big samples
  • They are manipulated to bring about the desired response
  • They don't give valid results
  • They don't give the correct results

5. What did McGeoch & McDonald's study into interference find?

  • Interference didn't affect the participants
  • The participants didn't have any issues with memorising word lists
  • A group that were given synonyms performed worst and suggests that when memories are more similar there is more interference
  • A group given synonyms performed the best


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