Interference Theory

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1. What does the theory of trace decay suggest?

  • Trace decay only occurs in the elderly
  • That all memory leaves a trace on the brain
  • Memories are never forgotten
  • Memories are instantly forgotten
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2. What happens after 30 seconds if information is not rehearsed in the short term memory?

  • It fades away
  • It stays in the STM
  • It decays and is forgotten
  • It goes back to the sensory memory

3. What does interference mean?

  • Two pieces of information conflict with each other resulting in the forgetting of one thing
  • Three pieces of information conflict with each other
  • Two pieces of information work together to cause forgetting
  • A piece of information is not remembered

4. What is a weakness with using lab studies to look at interference?

  • Not many people take part in lab studies
  • They mostly look at word lists which are easier to remember than things in everyday life (not visible outside lab setting)
  • Lab studies don't give valid results
  • Labs are difficult to get hold of

5. What did Sperling (1960) suggest about decay?

  • Decay doesn't exist
  • There is evidence to suggest that information is lost through decay from the sensory memory
  • There isn't any evidence to suggest that decay takes place
  • Decay isn't a big problem


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