Intelligence

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Define psychometric tests:
Anything which is designed to provide an objective test of psychological characteristics
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What are the 5 types of psychometric tests?
1. Explicit high-stakes tests 2. Explicit research tests 3. Standardised ability and non-ability tests 4. Psychological tests 5. Evidentiary tests
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Where are explicit high-stakes tests used?
1. Education 2. Workplace 3. Forensic 4. Health
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What are the three predominant purposes of psychometric tests?
1. Measure differences between individuals, or between individuals over different situations 2. To measure differences between groups of people 3. To be objective, standardised measure of samples of human behaviour
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What are the 4 types of psychometric tests?
1. Personality 2. Ability 3. Clinical 4. Work assessments
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What was Jencks, 1979 result of correlation between 'g' and 'academic performance'?
0.40 to 0.63
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What was Kaufman and Lichtenberger's 2005 meta-analysis for the correlation between 'g' and 'academic performance'?
0.50
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Describe the Deary et al. study in 2007 for the correlation between 'g' and 'academic performance':
A longitudinal study of 7000 UK children at 11 years old
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With regards to "GCSE total points", according to Deary et al., 2007 what was the correlation with general intelligence?
0.69
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What study suggests that although there is a relationship between academic performance and IQ, personality may also play a part?
Bratko et al., 2006
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What were the results of O'Connor and Paunonen's 2007 meta-analysis?
1. Conscientiousness: r=0.22 2. Opennes: r=.05 3. Extraversion: r=-0.05 4. Agreeableness: r=0.06 5. Neuroticism: r=0.03
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Whose meta-analysis found similar results to O'Connor and Paunonen, 2007?
Poropat 2009
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What can be suggested from O'Connor and Paunonen 2007 results?
Facets of conscientiousness as a strong predictor of performance, but none of the other four
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What are the problems with using psychometrics in academic and workplace selections?
1. The relationship between personality and intelligence and performance is complex 2. Established measures are not often considered 3. There are many issues associated with correlation research
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What is Goleman's 1955 definition of emotional intelligence?
Abilities such as being able to motivate oneself and persist in the face of frustrations; to control impulse and delay gratification; to regulate ones moods and keep distress from swamping the ability to think; to empathize and hope
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What is Bar- On's 1997 definition of emotional intelligence?
An array of non-cognitive capabilities, competencies and skills that influence one's ability to success in coping with environmental demands and pressures
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Who designed the emotional quotient inventory?
Bar- On
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What 5 domains is Bar-On's theory made up of?
1. Intra-personal intelligence 2. Interpersonal intelligence 3. Stress management 4. Adaptability 5. General mood
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What is Mayer and Salovey's 1997 definition of emotional intelligence?
A concept of intelligence that processes and benefits from emotions
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Who developed the multi-factor emotional intelligence scale?
Mayer and Salovey (1997)
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What were the results of Schutte et al. 2007 meta-analysis for the correlation between emotional intelligence and physical/psychological health?
0.22 to 0.31
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What did Downey et al. 2008 find?
Emotional intelligence was significantly associated with academic performance
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What did Rozell et al. 2006 find?
A higher emotional intelligence was associated with higher levels of sales
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What are the 5 types of psychometric tests?

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1. Explicit high-stakes tests 2. Explicit research tests 3. Standardised ability and non-ability tests 4. Psychological tests 5. Evidentiary tests

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Where are explicit high-stakes tests used?

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Card 4

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What are the three predominant purposes of psychometric tests?

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Card 5

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What are the 4 types of psychometric tests?

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