Intellectual development through the lifestages

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What is language development?
It's essential for communication and expressing ideas
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What is problem solving?
Skills needed to work things out and predict what might happen
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What does memory mean?
Storing, recalling and retrieving information
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What is moral development?
Reasoning and making choices
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What is abstract thought and creative thinking?
Thinking and discussing situations, events that cannot be observed
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How might we encourage the development of language up to adolecence?
Public speaking, reading books, discussing ideas and delivering presentations
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What is Piaget's theory about?
His research focused on how children acquire the ability to think. He argued there were four stages of intellectual development which develop during the early stages
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What is the 'sensorimotor' stage?
0-2 years: Infants think by inteacting with the world using their eyes, ears, hands and mouth
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What is the 'pre-operational' stage?
2-7 years: Development of language and make-believe takes place. Piaget belived children at this stage cannot properly underatnd ideas like how number, mass and volume really work.
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What is 'concrete-operational' stage?
7-11 years: Childrens reasoning becomes logical providing that issues are concrete. Children may be able to understand simple sentences
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What is 'formal-operational' stage?
11-18 years: Develops abstract thinking which enables individuals to think through complicated ideas on their heads without having to see concrete images
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What were some of the weaknesses of Piaget's theory?
His observation is only based on a small number of children, other researchers suggests that it takes longer than 11 years to become skilled abstract logical thinkers, cognitive development might not be a part of maturation process
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What is cognitive development?
A childs ability to learn and solve problems
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What is abstract logical thinking?
Ability to solve problems using imagination without having to be involved practically
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What is egocentric thinking?
Children can only see the world from thier own perspective
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What is the definition of schema?
A category of knowledge
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What is the definition of equilibrium?
State of cognitive balance when a childs experience is in line with what they understand
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What is the definition of disequilibrium?
State of cognitive imbalance between experience and what is understood
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What is the definition of accomodating?
Modifying schemas in relation to new information and experiences
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What is Chomsky's theory about?
He believed that children were born with the ability to develop a signed or spoken language and to become fluent in thier first language by the age of 5 or 6.
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What is the LAD?
Language Acquisition Device- enables children to recognise and develop the languages they experience, he believed we are innate (born with it)
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What are some of the critics of Chomsky?
Lack of scientific evidence to support his theory, Brunner argued that social interaction is more important than Chomsky recognises for language development
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What are the main causes of memory loss?
Head injuy, stroke
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What are people with memory loss most likely to have?
Anxiety, stress and depression
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How can we improve memory as we age?
Read books, reminiscince therapy, learn new language, new hobbies and new skills
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What was Brunner's argument?
He believed that children with adult support can be helped to progress to higher level thinking skills, formal logical thinking may depend on how much encouragement they have received to think logically.
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Card 2

Front

What is problem solving?

Back

Skills needed to work things out and predict what might happen

Card 3

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What does memory mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is moral development?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What is abstract thought and creative thinking?

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