Intellectual and Language skills in Infancy and Early Childhood

What is the percentage of a baby's brain compared to an adults?
1 of 30
When does language development begin?
Before birth and it develops rapidly
2 of 30
What is abstract logical thinking?
The ability to solve problems without having to be practically involved
3 of 30
What is egocentric thinking?
Not being able to see a situation from another person's point of view
4 of 30
What is concrete logical thinking?
The ability to solve a problem regarding the individual is practically involved
5 of 30
What is equilibrium?
Cognitive balance between a child's experience and what they understand
6 of 30
What is disequilibrium?
Cognitive imbalance between experience and what is understood
7 of 30
What is accommodation?
Modifying schemas in relation to new information and experience
8 of 30
What did Piaget focus on?
How children acquire the ability to think
9 of 30
Why can't a 4 year old use abstract logical thinking?
They aren't mature enough
10 of 30
When does the ability to think logically occur?
7 years old
11 of 30
What is Sensorimotor Play? 0-2 years
Infants think by interacting with their hands, eyes, ears and mouth
12 of 30
What is Preoperational Play? 2-7 years
Using symbols to represent their earlier sensorimotor discoveries
13 of 30
What is Concrete Operational Play? 7-11 years
Reasoning becomes logical providing the issues are concrete
14 of 30
What is Formal Operational Play? 11-18 years
The capacity for abstract logical thinking allows adolescents to reason through objects that don't apply to the real world
15 of 30
Example of Sensorimotor Play
Putting objects into a container and taking them out again
16 of 30
Example of Preoperational Play
Having 10 counters in a line and thinking there are more because the line is longer
17 of 30
Example of Concrete Operational Play
Asking 'Jessica is taller than Joanne, but Jessica is smaller than Sally, who is the tallest?'
18 of 30
Example of Formal Operational Play
Maths or scientific outcomes
19 of 30
What is a schema?
A trail of thinking, a category of knowledge as well as the process of acquiring new skills
20 of 30
What does a child develop in relation to schemas?
Concepts about the world around them
21 of 30
What happens when a child experiences new situations where new information is presented?
Their schemas are upset and they reach a state of disequilibrium
22 of 30
What happens when new information is accommodated?
The original schemas are modified or changed so they again reach a state of equilibrium
23 of 30
What is conservation?
The understanding that something's appearance may change but it's quantity will stay the same
24 of 30
At what age can a child understand conservation?
7 years
25 of 30
Criticism 1 of Piaget
Theory was based on a small number of children
26 of 30
Criticism 2 of Piaget
The ages/stages may be more fluid than he thought
27 of 30
Criticism 3 of Piaget
Under/over estimates children's cognitive abilities
28 of 30
Criticism 4 of Piaget
Bruner believes that with adult support, children can progress to develop higher level thinking skills
29 of 30
Criticism 5 of Piaget
Cognitive development may not depend on maturation but environment and quality of formal and informal education
30 of 30

Other cards in this set

Card 2


When does language development begin?


Before birth and it develops rapidly

Card 3


What is abstract logical thinking?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What is egocentric thinking?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What is concrete logical thinking?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Health & Social Care resources:

See all Health & Social Care resources »See all Understanding human behaviour and development resources »