Instruments - Key Terms

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Artificial Harmonics
A guitar playing technique that involves fretting a note with the fretting hand while touching a node point and plucking the string
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Beat-Matiching
A DJ technique that involves slowing or speeding up the BPM of a song to match the one currently playing, makes transitions between songs smoother
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Bottleneck
A slide used for guitar playing
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Gigasmpler
A softare sampler
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Legato
performing a monophonic melody with not breaks between notes, also known as portamento
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Leslie Speaker
A rotating speaker in a cabinet that uses the doppler effect to create effects such as phasing.
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Lo-Fi
Low fidelity, low quality
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Mellotron
An early sampler that used tape recordings of instruments playing at different pitches. The tape would be triggered by pressing a key, like a modern synth or keyboard.
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Modular Synth
A synth made up of different sections (filter, oscillator etc.) connected by signal cables, typically analogue
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Monophonic
1) A musical texture with only one instrument 2) A synth/instrument capable of only playing one note at a time
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Musique Conrete
Music created by mixing every day sounds
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Palm muting
A guitar technique that involves resting the palm or heel of the hand on the strings
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Plug-in
A software programme designed to edit or manipulate signals within an existing DAW
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Polyphonic
1) A musical texture with more than one instrument or 2) An instrument capable of plying more than one instrument at a time
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Portamento
The gliding effect between playing legato notes
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Rhythmicon
The first example of a drum machine
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Sample
A short recording
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Sampler
A device used to edit and replay samples
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Sample Rate
The number of times an analogue to digital converter samples a signal every second (Hz)
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Scratching
A DJ performance technique where the disk is manually rotated a disk while the needle is still on the surface
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Staccato
A note that is noticeably separated from others. Taken from the Italian word for "detached"
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Tape saturation
When the magnetic particles on a tape no longer respond to magnetic force, resulting in grainy distortion.
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Tempo
The pace at which a piece is played (bpm)
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Theremin
An early synthesiser instrument played by moving the hands relative to one or two aerials.
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Timbre
The characteristic sound of an instrument
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Tonewheel
A series of disks rotated by a motor near an electromagnetic pickup
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Tremolo arm
A metal arm attached to the bridge of a guitar that creates a vibrato effect by essentially tightening and loosening the string vibration
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Triggering
Causing an audio sound to play
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Turntablism
Using one or more turntables and a DJ mixer to manipulate and mix sounds - utilises the turntable as an instrument
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Violining
A guitar playing technique where the note is plucked at 0 volume and then turned up
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Virtual modelling
Creating a software version of a hardware device
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A DJ technique that involves slowing or speeding up the BPM of a song to match the one currently playing, makes transitions between songs smoother

Back

Beat-Matiching

Card 3

Front

A slide used for guitar playing

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A softare sampler

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

performing a monophonic melody with not breaks between notes, also known as portamento

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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