Instrumental Effects

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Timbre
Tone colour. Type of sound an instrument makes
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Con arco
with the bow. Pizzicato-pluck the strings
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Col legno
Play string with wood of bow
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Con sordino
with the mute
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Sul ponticello
bow strings or pluck guitar near the bridge to produce a hard tone quality
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Double stopping
Play 2 notes at the same time. Vibrato-wobble string
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Tremelando/tremolo
Repeat the same note rapidly
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Flutter tonguing
Rapid repetition of a note by tonguing at the same time as blowing
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A cappella
Unaccompanied singing
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Parlando
To be sung in a style that suggests speech (le mis)
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Sprech stimme/sprechgesang
Half sung/half spoken vocal style
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Vibrato
Voice wobble
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Tessitura
The particular register of an overall range. It can be said that the tessitura of a vocal solo is high meaning that the majority of notes lie within the upper reaches of the singer's overall range
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Portamento
when the singer slides from one note to another
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Riffing
The singer decorates and adds bits to the tune.They often go up and down a scale before coming to rest on a note. Often at end of phrases between sections or to finish a song. Mariah Carey.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Con arco

Back

with the bow. Pizzicato-pluck the strings

Card 3

Front

Col legno

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Con sordino

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Sul ponticello

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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