Institutional Aggression

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What does the importation model say?
This say that aggression occurs in institutions due to the characteristics that people bring into prison. So you put a bad person in a normal place and they do bad things.
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What did Cressey find?
He found that existing factos that people show in normal society are imported into prison. He found inmates with an alcoholic past were more likely to perform aggressive acts in prison.
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He also found?
That race and age influenced aggression. Younger, non-white inmates were found to be most aggressive as they had been separated from mainstream social norms.
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What did Allender find?
He found that gang members were far more likely to be involved in acts of prison violence. This supports IM as gang members have imported their violent behaviour into prison and so this causes institutional aggression.
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What did Mills et al find?
He surveyed over 200 inmates at a Canadian prison who had just been admitted into prison. Using an alcohol scale, they found that higher levels of alcohol abuse related to those who showed the most aggressive behaviour.
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How does DeLisi challenge the pre-prison violence claim?
He found that former gang members were no more likely than other inmates to be aggressive. This could however just be because prisons separate the gang mebers and other prisoners.
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What does the situational model say?
It says that aggression occurs because of factors within the prison setting. Sykes argued that prison subculture was a result of factors in the prison. So you put a normal person in a bad place and they do bad things.
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What were the five deprivations Sykes said caused aggression in prisons?
He said that the deprivations were liberty, autonomy, goods and services, heterosexual relationships and security. This then leads to stress and so the inmates perform aggressive acts.
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What did Blomberg and Lucken find?
They reported that prisoners have to obtain permission to eat, sleep, shower and interact with people they are close with. So it restricts their ability to maintain relationships.
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Why did McCorkle et al disagree with the deprivation model?
They examined acts of aggression in 370 US prisons and found the DM was not useful in explaining rates of prison violence. Thye came to the conclusion that aggression occurs due to poor management, high staff turnover and lack of staff discipline.
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What is the other explanation for institutional aggression?
Institutional aggression can also be explained through deindividuation. In the Abu Ghraib prison, US soldiers were very abusive to prisoners. Zimbardo says you can have a perfect strom of conditions where ordinary people can do dreadful things.
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So...
Therefore it can be said that institutional aggression occurs due to deindividuation. In the case of Abu Ghraib, the soldiers thought they were part of a group and therefore became very aggressive to the prisoners.
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What did Cressey find?

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He found that existing factos that people show in normal society are imported into prison. He found inmates with an alcoholic past were more likely to perform aggressive acts in prison.

Card 3

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He also found?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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What did Allender find?

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Card 5

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What did Mills et al find?

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