Institutional Racism in Education: Internal Factors

What does ethnocentric mean?
Describes an attitude or policy that gives priority to the culture or viewpoint of one particular ethnic group disregarding others
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What are the 3 strands of ethnocentrism?
Institutional racism, marketisation and segregation and the ethnically stratified education system
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What are the key points within institutional racism?
Linked to having an ethnocentric curriculum, institutional racism is different to individual racism, institutional racism is discrimination that is built into the the way institutions operate
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What is an example of institutional racism?
The 11+ exam
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What is institutional racism seen as?
Locked-in-inequality
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What does Gillborn say about locked in inequality?
"That its so deep rooted and so large that it is practically an inevitable feature of the education system"
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Who believes that there are 2 factors in the selection process?
Moore and Davenport
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What do Moore and Davenport believe this has led to?
Disadvantages for ethnic minorities
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Moore and Davenport show how selection procedures have led to what?
Ethnic segregation, due to minority groups unable to get into high achieving schools because of discrimination
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What were primary school reports used to highlight?
Pupils with language difficulties, while the application process was difficult for non-English speaking parents to understand
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Who did these procedures favour?
White pupils and disadvantaged those from ethnic minority backgrounds
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What did Moore and Davenport conclude?
Leads to an ethnically stratified education system
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What is the ethnically stratified education system?
Putting procedures in place which the education system knows will place white pupils in popular schools and black and ethnic minorities in low achieving schools
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What does Coard explain?
How an ethnocentric curriculum can affect achievement
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What did Ball say?
The National Curriculum is ignoring ethnic diversity and is promoting an attitude of 'little Englandism', tries to recreate a 'mythical age empire and past glories', while ignoring the history of black and Asian people
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What did David say?
Describes the National Curriculum as a 'specifically British' curriculum that largely ignores non-European languages, literature and music
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What do Troyna and Williams say?
Note the meagre provision for teaching Asian languages as compared with European languages
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Why does Gillborn argue that the assessment was rigged?
To validate the dominant culture's superiority
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What happens if black pupils succeed?
The rules will change to re-engineer failure
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What were baseline assessments replaced with?
Foundation Stage Profiling (FSP)
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What did this mean for black pupils?
They started to do worse
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What is the FSP based on?
Teachers judgements
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What did baseline exams use?
Written tests, so they were impartial
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When was the FSP completed?
At the end of reception
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When was baseline exams completed?
At the start of reception
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Why does Sewell reject the idea of black boys underachievement?
He doesn't believe that racism has disappeared from schools, he argues that it is not powerful enough to prevent individuals from succeeding
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What does Sewell say we need to focus on?
External factors such as boys' anti-school attitudes, the peer group an the nurturing role of the father
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What is argued with Indian and Chinese achievement?
They perform better than the white majority, so if there are 2 groups who do so well, how can there be institutional racism in education as critical as race theorists suggest?
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What does Gillborn say about Indian and Chinese achievement?
He argues that the image of Indians and Chinese as hardworking 'model minorities' performs an ideological function. it conceals the fact that the education system is institutionally racist
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the 3 strands of ethnocentrism?

Back

Institutional racism, marketisation and segregation and the ethnically stratified education system

Card 3

Front

What are the key points within institutional racism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is an example of institutional racism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is institutional racism seen as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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