Inorganic Ions - Anions

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  • Created by: shyde7
  • Created on: 01-05-16 15:52
What is an anion?
A negative ion.
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What is the chemical symbol for nitrate?
NO3-
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Which cation does nitrate share all its functions with?
Ammonium
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What is the only function of ammonium that nitrate does not share?
The maintenance of pH in the body.
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Given this knowledge, what are the four functions of nitrate?
Component of amino acids, proteins, vitamins and chlorophyll; essential component of nucleic acids; component of hormones which contain nitrogen e.g. insulin; component of the nitrogen cycle.
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What is the chemical symbol for hydrogencarbonate?
HCO3-
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Which two anions are involved in the transport of carbon dioxide in and out of the blood?
Hydrogen-carbonate (HCO3-) and Chloride (Cl-)
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Hydrogencarbonate (HCO3-), chloride (CL-), phosphate (PO4^3-) and hydroxide (OH-) are all involved in what?
The regulation of blood pH.
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What is the chemical symbol for chloride?
Cl-
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What does chloride help in the production of?
Urine in the kidney.
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What does chloride help in maintaining?
Water balance.
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How does chloride regulate the affinity of haemoglobin?
Through allosteric effects on the haemoglobin molecule.
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What does allosteric mean?
Relates to altering the activity of an enzyme by conformational change caused by a different molecule (in this case chloride).
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What is chloride used to produce?
Hydrochloric acid in the stomach.
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What is the chemical symbol for phosphate?
PO4^3-
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Which three things does phosphate increase the rigidity of?
Bone, teeth and cartilage.
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What is phosphate a component of in crustaceans?
The exoskeleton
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Name four things that phosphate is a component of.
Phospholipids, ATP, nucleic acids and some important enzymes.
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What does phosphate help do in plants?
They help root growth.
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What is the chemical symbol of Hydroxide?
OH-.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the chemical symbol for nitrate?

Back

NO3-

Card 3

Front

Which cation does nitrate share all its functions with?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the only function of ammonium that nitrate does not share?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Given this knowledge, what are the four functions of nitrate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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