Inorganic ions

Inorganic
A molecule or ion that has no more than one carbon atom
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Living organisms need a variety of what to survive?
inorganic ions
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Inorganic ions are also called what?
electrolytes or minerals
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Inorganic ions are important in many cellular processes, such as:
muscle contraction, nervous coordination and maintaining osmotic pressure in cells and blood
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What are the two groups?
macronutrients and micronutrients
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macronutrients are needed in... (concentration)
small concentrations
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micronutrients are needed in... (concentration)
minute (trace) concentrations
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Give 4 examples of marcronutrients
Magnesium, Iron, Phosphate ions and calcium
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Give 2 examples of micronutrients
Copper and zinc
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Name a role for magnesium in living organisms
An important constituent of chlorophyll and therefore essential for photosynthesis (or mammals need magnesium for bones)
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Name a role for Iron in living organisms
A constituent of haemoglobin - transports oxygen in red blood cells
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Name a role for Phosphate ions in living organisms
Used for making nucleotides, including ATP (or constituent of phospholipids, found in biological membranes
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Name a role for Calcium in living organisms
An important structural component of bones and teeth in mammals (or a component of plant cell walls, providing strength)
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Card 2

Front

Living organisms need a variety of what to survive?

Back

inorganic ions

Card 3

Front

Inorganic ions are also called what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Inorganic ions are important in many cellular processes, such as:

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the two groups?

Back

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