Injuries

What is an acute injury?
Occurs suddenly during activity
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What are the symptoms of acute injuries?
Sudden pain, swelling, can't bear weight, restricted movement, protruding bone
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What is a simple/closed fracture?
Clean break that doesn't penetrate through the skin
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What is a compound/open fracture?
Soft tissue or skin is damaged, more risk of infection
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What is a comminuted fracture?
Breaks in 3 or more places
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What is a spiral fracture?
Winding break
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What is a longitudinal fracture?
Occurs along the length of the bone
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What is a buckle fracture?
Occurs in children when bone deforms but doesn't break
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What is a hairline fracture?
Partial fracture of bone that is difficult to detect
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What is a greenstick fracture?
Occurs in children where break occurs down one side of bone, not a full break
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What is a strain?
A torn muscle- muscle fibres are stretched too far and tear
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What is a dislocation?
End of the bone becomes dislodged at the joint
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What is a sprain?
Ligament is stretched too far and tears
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What is a chronic injury?
Caused from playing sport and occurs over a long period of time
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What are the symptoms of chronic injury?
Pain when using, dull ache when resting, swelling
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What is tendonitis?
Over-use injury that causes pain and inflammation at tendon- achilles tendon
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What is a stress fracture?
Over-use injury where area becomes swollen and tender- muscle becomes fatigued and transfers the stress to the bone causing a tiny crack
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What is tennis elbow?
Muscles and tendons in elbow become inflamed and tiny tears occur- pain is felt on outside of elbow
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What is the medical name for tennis elbow?
Lateral epicondylitis
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the symptoms of acute injuries?

Back

Sudden pain, swelling, can't bear weight, restricted movement, protruding bone

Card 3

Front

What is a simple/closed fracture?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a compound/open fracture?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a comminuted fracture?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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