Inhertiance

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Genotype
The genetic makeup of a cell, an organism.
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Phenotype
composite of organisms observable characteristics or traits.
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Gamete
Reproductice cell that pairs up with another gamete during reproduction.
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Nucleotide
complex chemical made up of an organic base, a sugar and a phosphate. What DNA and RNA are made up of.
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Homologous chromosomes
Pair of chromosomes with same gene loci and therefore the same characteristics.
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Homozygous
conditions in which alleles of a particular gene are identical
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Heterozygous
conditions in which alleles of a particular gene are different.
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Dominant allele
term applied to an allele that is always expressed in the phenotype of an organism.
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Recessive allele
condition in which the effect of an allele is apparent and in the phenotype of a diploid organism only in the presence of another identical allele.
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Haploid
term referring to cells that contain only a single copy of each chromosome.
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Diploid(2n)
Term applied to cells in which the nucleus contains two sets of chromosomes.
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Co-dominance
condition in which both alleles for one gene in a heterozygous organism contribute to the phenotype.
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Mutation
A change in the sequence of bases in DNA.
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Multiple alleles
term used to describe a gene that has more than two possible alleles.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

composite of organisms observable characteristics or traits.

Back

Phenotype

Card 3

Front

Reproductice cell that pairs up with another gamete during reproduction.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

complex chemical made up of an organic base, a sugar and a phosphate. What DNA and RNA are made up of.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Pair of chromosomes with same gene loci and therefore the same characteristics.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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