Infancy 0-3 years

  • Created by: Sugar1002
  • Created on: 02-07-18 19:29
Three months (P)
Babies can sit with their head held for a few seconds, if supported
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Six months (P)
More strength and muscle control, they can lift their head, sit with support and turn their head to look around. Able to pull themselves up when their hands are grasped
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Nine months (P)
Babies can sit unsupported for ten minutes. Starting to move independently by rolling or crawling. They can pull themselves to stand, and can stand holding on to something for a few minutes
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12 months (P)
Babies can get from a lying to sitting position without help. They crawl rapidly. They can walk by holding on to furniture and stand alone for a few moments
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15 months (P)
Toddlers can get to their feet alone. They can crawl and walk upstairs
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18 months (P)
Infants can run and walk up and down stairs
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Two years (P)
Infants can walk downstairs
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Three years (P)
Infants can climb on play equipment, ride a tricycle and throw and catch a ball
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Three months (I)
babies make noises when they are spoken to e.g. cooing, gurgling
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Nine months (I)
babies practise making sounds (babbling), repeating syllables like 'mum-mum' and 'dad-dad.' They begin to learn that the sounds their carers make mean something. They understand a couple of words like 'no' and 'bye-bye'
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12 months (I)
They know their own name and understand several words. They understand simple commands with gestures, such as 'give it to mummy'
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15 months (I)
They understand and obey simple commands, for example 'bring it here.' They can say a few words and understand many more.
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18 months (I)
They try to join in with nursery rhymes. Soon after this they can put a few words together to make simple sentences
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Two years (I)
They can use 50 words and understand many more
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Two and a half years (I)
Infants use 200 words.They can say a few nursery rhymes. They ask questions all the time such as 'what's that?'
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Three years (I)
They have learned a lot more words and they can carry on simple conversations with adults
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Percentile chart
They are used to determine where a child falls in terms of development. They measure/monitor head circumference, height and weight. This is done by a Health visitor, GP, Midwife, Child nurse, Doctor or Dietician
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Percentile numbers & use
Example 90th percentile would mean that 89 would weigh less and 10 would weigh more. They are used to compare an infant's development to others their age.
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Language development order
Crying, cooing, gurgling, babbling, first words.
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Stages of play
Solitary play, parallel play, co-operative play.
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Social development
Co-operative play, sharing, eats with a spoon and fork, toilet trained and make friends.
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Fine motor skill
Grasp rattle, and puts all objects to mouth.
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Gross motor skill
Hold head up, clapping hands and may roll over from back to front.
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Solitary play
Age 0-2 years= Infants play alone
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Parallel play
Age 2= Infants play near other children but don't know how to play with them
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Associate Play
Age 2 and a half= Infants are interested in other children playing, they may join for a few minutes but can't share.
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Co-operative play
Age 3= They play with other children and know how to share. They can cope with being away from their carer for a few hours.
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0-6 month toys
Musical keys- develops senses, hearing, colours, teething, textures. Play mat- strengthening neck, belly, arm and leg muscles. ((Good to mention- Imagination.))
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12 month+ toys
Peg puzzles- shape to hole, physical, fine motor skills, hand-eye co-ordiation. Trampoline- Gross motor skills, core and leg muscles, physical, strengthening bones.
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2 years+ toys
Ride on toys- Hand-eye co-ordination, balance, directional. Textured book- New words, vocabulary, intellectual
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

More strength and muscle control, they can lift their head, sit with support and turn their head to look around. Able to pull themselves up when their hands are grasped

Back

Six months (P)

Card 3

Front

Babies can sit unsupported for ten minutes. Starting to move independently by rolling or crawling. They can pull themselves to stand, and can stand holding on to something for a few minutes

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Babies can get from a lying to sitting position without help. They crawl rapidly. They can walk by holding on to furniture and stand alone for a few moments

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Toddlers can get to their feet alone. They can crawl and walk upstairs

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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