Industry and Audience

What are the major media conglomerates?
Warner Bros, Paramount, 20th Century Fox, Universal, Columbia/Sony, Disney
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What are the current 6 Hollywood majors the only members of?
MPAA (Motion Picture Association of America), which is the most powerful trade organisation in the film industry worldwide
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What do these majors operate in?
Virtually every market,either directly or through partnership with a local distributor, all operate as separate distributors in the UK. in each film territory distribution will be controlled by the Hollywood majors and the local minimajors
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British productions are made by smaller companies like who?
Warp Films, working with Film 4, BFI or the BBC to try to secure extra funding and help with distribution. often films made this way struggle to get more than £1 or £2 million budget&consider a success to break even, with DVD after-sales included
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What do British films have?
Low to modest budgets, make modest returns, average £1 million budget
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What do US films have?
Massive budgets, which generate massive profits- a cycle of self-sustaining profits. average £100 million budget
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What is the British Social Realism Genre?
A cinematic genre which developed throughout the 20th Century&is typically associated with niche, arthouse audiences rather than mass, multiplex audiences.
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What do British Social Realist Films often seek?
to offer a 'window on the world'&represent contemporary social issues
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What are codes and conventions of a British social realism genre?
Violence, bad language, stereotypical groups of people, unknown actors/actresses, set around council estates/run down areas, issues like drugs, sex, politics, religion, aimed at adults, dark humour, narrative barriers/linear narrative, low budget
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What are codes and conventions of a British social realism genre 2?
lack of non-diegetic music, semi improvised dialogue
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What are audience expectations of genre?
Pleasure in seeing expectations fulfilled or challenged (Neale)
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What is pleasure of intellectual puzzle?
Engima codes (Barthes)
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What is realism?
Creates audience empathy and identification
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What is escapism/diversion?
Problems that aren't yours/ not relevant
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What is star/character identification?
As the story develops the characters develop
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What are moral messages?
Reinforces dominant ideologies
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What is catharsis (emotional release)?
When made to feel emotions
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What is scopophilia?
Pleasure when watching intimate and private moments
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What are the current 6 Hollywood majors the only members of?

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MPAA (Motion Picture Association of America), which is the most powerful trade organisation in the film industry worldwide

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What do these majors operate in?

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British productions are made by smaller companies like who?

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What do British films have?

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