Industrialisation

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: ElizaJack
  • Created on: 26-01-16 09:34
Who was invited by Alexander II to improve oil production
The Nobel brothers.
1 of 37
What was the growth percentage by the turn of the century?
9%
2 of 37
By how much did coal production increase?
Tripled.
3 of 37
What was an emerging industrial region?
Donbass steel.
4 of 37
What was significant about Moscow?
One of the fastest developing cities in the world.
5 of 37
What did Witte adopt?
The gold standard.
6 of 37
When was the depression that crippled Donbass?
After 1899 continuing due to the 1903 Russo-Japanese War and 1905 revolution.
7 of 37
When was Witte appointed?
1903
8 of 37
Who did the argumentative, corrupt and envied Witte marry?
A Jewish divorcee.
9 of 37
Why did he have Nicholas sign the October Manifesto which finally caused him to be ostracised?
Thought constitutional reform necessary for modernisation.
10 of 37
What does Gatrell think "industrial recovery was..."?
"a by-product of industrial development."
11 of 37
What was the growth after 1908?
Steady 6%
12 of 37
Why was Russia the 5th largest industrial power.
Advanced technology.
13 of 37
Why was the economy unbalanced
Focus on rearmament neglected agricultural machinery.
14 of 37
Why does Lynch have sympathy for Witte?
"He was regarded with suspicion". "Military requirements often interfered with his plans for railway construction".
15 of 37
To what does Hutchinson accredit industrialisation.
Vyshnegradsky's Tariff Act of 1891 a "vital component".
16 of 37
What did Witte later lament?
Businessmen became accustomed to state leadership/sponsorship.
17 of 37
Why did Acton think there was a lack of strategic coherence?
"there was a profound contradiction between the economic and social policies"
18 of 37
What was famine bread made from?
Rye husks and tree bark.
19 of 37
What was the harvest in Votoneath?
Less than one pood.
20 of 37
When did Tolstoy publish 'What I Believe'?
1885
21 of 37
What did Figes think he became to the "guilt ridden public"?
"turned to Tolstoy as their moral leader"
22 of 37
What was reported about mines?
"structurally defective"
23 of 37
How did grain production go up 1.1 million tonnes a year during the early 20th century?
New methods and tools e.g threshing machines and well as more investment.
24 of 37
By what year had Russian become the largest grain exporter?
1914
25 of 37
How long is the Tran-siberian railway?
6000 miles
26 of 37
How fast were trains initially?
15mph
27 of 37
What did Hankey think of Russia's transport facilities?
"Russia was at a serious disadvantage"
28 of 37
What did Marks think the motivation was behind the railway?
"It was partly military defence but it was also internal police measures"
29 of 37
What was one problem building the railways?
Did not have a great reservoir of mechanical talent and had to cross the world's largest lake and mountains.
30 of 37
What did Marks call the undertaking?
"Simply one of the more grandiose enterprises of the 19th century"
31 of 37
How much of the government budget was used and how did they manage this?
2/3, foreign loans and reducing cost by 75%.
32 of 37
What was one effect of this?
Bombed and blamed for the loss of the war.
33 of 37
What has the railway been condemned as?
"utopian vision"
34 of 37
Who considered poverty to have been a crisis?
Stephen Wheatcraft
35 of 37
What did Stolypin antiquate this with?
"Paralysed personal initiative"
36 of 37
Give a quote from Figes about the famine.
"Polarised Russian society"
37 of 37

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the growth percentage by the turn of the century?

Back

9%

Card 3

Front

By how much did coal production increase?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was an emerging industrial region?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was significant about Moscow?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Russia - 19th and 20th century resources »