Industrial Relations 1918-79

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What did the Sankey Commission of 1919 say?
The government should continue with its ownership of industry.
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When were the war mines re-privatised?
1921
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What did the mines being privatised do?
Caused the Miners Strike of 1921
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What did the 1926 Samuel Commission say?
The government should restructure mining and cut pay.
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What was the Miner's reaction to this?
'Not a penny off the pay, not a minute on the day'.
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What happened during the General Strike 1926?
The government was prepared and in 1925 created the 'Organisation for the maintenance of supplies'
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How many working days were lost in 1926?
162.23 million hours.
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What did the Trade Disputes + Unions act of 1927 do?
Made general strikes illegal and made it more difficult for workers to take action
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When was the Trade Disputes + Unions Act repealed?
1946
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What did the Coal Mines Act 1930 aim to do?
Improve productivity whilst cutting hours.
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What was Barbara's Castle's 1969 'White paper in place of strife'?
It set out future plans for the government to undermine trade union power. It was very unpopular and was rejected.
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What did the Industrial Relations Act 1971 do?
Created the National industrial relations court, which turned out to be ineffective
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What lead to the 1972 and 1972 '3 day weeks'?
The miners demanded a pay increase. In 1971 they wanted a 43% pay increase, but only received a 27% pay rise. Laws on wage growth were abolished . In 1973, miners demanded a further 35% pay increase.
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What was Heath's slogan during the 3 day weeks during 1974?
'Who governs Britain?'
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What was Callaghan's approach?
Determined to stick to a 5% increase, and had a vague social contract of agreement with trade unions. In November 1978, a strike at Ford Car Factories saw a 17% increase in pay.
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What happened in 1979?
Lorry and Oil tanker drivers went out on strike, the tanker drivers were quickly given a pay rise, whereas lorry drivers held out for 6 weeks and stopped imports reaching shops and hospitals
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What happened in January 1979 also?
1.5m public sector workers walked out, schools were closed, rubbish built up on streets in Liverpool, hospitals were only able to treat emergency cases.
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When did the Government accept defeat, and what did they do?
February 14th 1979 and offered a pay increase of 10-15%. By mid-March almost all strikes were over and people went back to work.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When were the war mines re-privatised?

Back

1921

Card 3

Front

What did the mines being privatised do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did the 1926 Samuel Commission say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the Miner's reaction to this?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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