Indonesia Transmigration Case Study

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What is Indonesia's population?
240 million. The fourth largest population in the world.
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Which island is most densely populated?
Java.
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What social problems has this caused?
>Services like healthcare struggle to cope >Children have to work to support large families, so miss out on an education >Not enough housing - slums lead to health problems (e.g. from poor sewage and lack of clean water) >Food shortages
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What economic problems has this caused?
>Not enough jobs >Increased poverty (more people being born into families that are already poor)
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What is the transmigration policy?
It aims to reduce the impacts of population growth by moving millions of people to less densely populated islands like Sumatra and Borneo.
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How effective has the policy been?
>Millions have been moved, but the population still isn't evenly distributed >Not all the people who moved escaped poverty - don't have the skills to farm/poor farmland >Lots of people moved to land already occupied by native people, causing conflict
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Has the policy helped towards sustainable development?
No. It only reduces the impacts of population growth - the population is still getting much bigger.
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Card 2

Front

Which island is most densely populated?

Back

Java.

Card 3

Front

What social problems has this caused?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What economic problems has this caused?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the transmigration policy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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