Individuals in medicine through time

Important indiduals in medicine from the greek era all the way to the 20th century. The front side will say the name while the back will say when they were around and what they did. (not in order of events)

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Hippocrates
Alive from 460-377BC (Greek period) -developed the idea of clinical observation (Diagnosis, prognosis,observation treatment) -Came up with the Hippocratic oath -created the theory of the four humours
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Galen
Roman period -came up with the theory of opposites -wrote over 350 books -discovered the nervous system -used animals eg pigs an Barbary apes
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James Simpson
1847 (industrial revolution) He discovered that chloroform could be used as an anesthetic (to numb pain) in operations
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Avicenna
Arab world/middle ages(980-1037) -wrote many medical books:'Canon of Medicine' was an encyclopedia of medicine which was translated into Latin so Greek learning came back to western europe
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Vesalius
Renaissance -corrected over 200 of Galens errors(no holes in the septum,one jaw bone) -wrote the book 'The fabric of the human body'(1543) -
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Edward Jenner
18th and 19th century (born in 1749) -Created the first vaccination which meant people didn't catch small pox and completely eradicated the disease by 1979
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Joseph Lister
18/19th century -realised from Pasteur germ theory that the infections killing his patients were caused by germs. He began to use Carbolic acid to disinfect bandages, instruments and the patient.
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Avenzoar
The arab world/middle ages -described the parasite that causes scabies and began to question the reliability of Galen.
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Ambroise Pare
Renaissance -army surgeon, invented the method of tying off vessels with silk ligatures rather than cauterisation -designed quite sophisticated artificial legs, used an old Roman remedy to heal gun shot wound rather than using hot oil
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William Harvey
Renaissance -Discovered the circulation of the blood (goes round the body and isn't used up) -identified the difference between veins and arteries/
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Lady Montague
18th century -introduced inoculation to Britain from Turkey (for small pox)
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Florence Nightlingale
19th century (1820-1910) -Brought professionalism to nursing -death rates fall in the hospital at Crimea due to her improvements to hygiene -Her book 'notes on nursing' explained her methods -Set up the Nightingale School of Nursing
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Mother Seacole
19th century (1805-1881)- Volunteered as a nurse at Crimea - she set up a medical store and hostel, where soldiers could get medicine. she also tended the wounded on the battlefield.
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Louis Pasteur
19th century -proved there were germs in the air(1861) and published his work in 1864 -found vaccinations for chicken cholera, rabies and anthrax -his team worked out that they needed a weakened version of of a disease to immunize people
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Robert Koch
19th century -Used dyes to identify microbes easier -used mice to experiment
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Rhazes
The arab world/middle ages -Considering himself the Islamic Hippocrates he wrote many works and promoted the idea of closely observing a patient ad noting all the minor details. Through this practice he was the first doctor to discover the difference
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Paul ehrlich
19th century- Koch's research team researching Syphillis - found about antibodies and wondered whether there was a chemical dye that killed off a specific microbe - searched for a magic bullet and found 'Salvasan 606'
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alexander Fleming
20th century-discovered penicillin(the first antibiotic)-he noticed that an culture dishes he'd been using and had been left to be washed had a mould growing on it, saw that the mould had killed the germs killed the germs
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florey and chain
20th century-chain came up with the freeze-drying technique to purify the penicillin-when america joined ww2 their government paid for the mass production.
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Humphry Davy
late 18th century(1799)-identified Nitrous Oxide(laughing gas) as a possible anaesthetic
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Karl Lansteiner
20th century(1900)-discovered blood groups and the importance of compatibility.
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Wilhelm Roentgen
19th century-discovered by X-rays
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Christiaan Barnard
On the 3rd December he carried out the first heart transplant
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Archibald mcindoe
20th century-worked at treating patients who had suffered disfigurement as a result of wounds in ww1 and continued his work throughout ww2
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William Beveridge
20th century-published his 1942 Beveridge report calling for social security 'from the cradle to the grave'
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Bevan
20th century-the labour minister for health who introduced the NHS.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Roman period -came up with the theory of opposites -wrote over 350 books -discovered the nervous system -used animals eg pigs an Barbary apes

Back

Galen

Card 3

Front

1847 (industrial revolution) He discovered that chloroform could be used as an anesthetic (to numb pain) in operations

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Arab world/middle ages(980-1037) -wrote many medical books:'Canon of Medicine' was an encyclopedia of medicine which was translated into Latin so Greek learning came back to western europe

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Renaissance -corrected over 200 of Galens errors(no holes in the septum,one jaw bone) -wrote the book 'The fabric of the human body'(1543) -

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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