Individualistic Theories

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  • Created by: Jacob213
  • Created on: 16-04-18 12:59
What is Affectionless Psychopathy?
When someone can't exhibit caring behaviors, concern or affection for other people nor do they have empathy for others. They show little remorse, guilt, shame or contrition.
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What did Bowlby's Maternal Deprivation study find out?
That a child needs an to have a attachment figure. The attachment figure must give continuous care to them for the first two years.
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What are the long term effects of maternal deprivation?
Delinquency, reduced intelligence, increased aggression, depression and emotionless psychopathy.
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What are the short term effects of maternal deprivation?
Distress
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What is Bandura's Social Learning Theory?
People could learn behaviors from what they saw other people doing.
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What is direct reinforcement?
When a certain behavior is performed and is rewarded or it leads to the avoidance of something unpleasant.
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What is indirect reinforcement?
When you observe someone else perform a certain behavior and receive either positive or negative reinforcement.
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What is operant conditioning?
the process that attempts to modify behavior through negative and positive reinforcement.
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What is positive reinforcement?
When an action is enforced by receiving something good. Enforcing the action to be repeated.
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What is negative reinforcement?
When a behavior is strengthened by stopping, removing or avoiding a negative outcome.
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What is punishment?
Doing something bad and getting something bad out of it.
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What is Eysenck's Theory of Criminal Personality?
Certain personality types are more likely to commit crime as they needed excitement but were unaware of the consequences.
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What is the Psychodynamic Theory?
An individual's criminal behaviour is determined by psychological conflicts of which they are largely unaware.
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What is Id in the Psychodynamic Theory?
The first part to develop - Selfish, impulsive. (Unconscious.) The Id demands immediate satisfaction if needs, regardless of the impact on others.
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What is Super-ego in the Psychodynamic Theory?
Develops when we internalize rules of our same sex parent around 5 years of age - Moralistic part of the mind. It also negotiates compromise between desires of id and reality and delays gratification of Id.
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What is Ego in the Psychodynamic Theory?
Realistic part of the mind balances the Super-ego and Id. This develops at the phallic stage of psycho sexual development. Arise through identification with same sex parent, internalize their moral standards.
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What happens if there is a dominant Id?
If there is a dominant Id i can lead to such disorders as conduct disorder.
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What is Conduct Disorder?
A range of antisocial types of behavior displayed in childhood or adolescence.
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What happens if there is a weak ego?
A weak ego can lead to mental disorders.
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What happens if there is a weak super-ego?
A weak superego can lead to immoral criminal behavior more likely.
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How does someone get a deviant super-ego?
A deviant superego is a result of being raised by criminals, child internalize parent's morality.
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How does someone get a over-harsh superego?
An over-harsh superego comes from excessive punishment in early childhood and leads to high levels of guilt. Individuals may perform criminal acts in order to satisfy superegos need for punishment.
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Card 2

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What did Bowlby's Maternal Deprivation study find out?

Back

That a child needs an to have a attachment figure. The attachment figure must give continuous care to them for the first two years.

Card 3

Front

What are the long term effects of maternal deprivation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the short term effects of maternal deprivation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What is Bandura's Social Learning Theory?

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