Individual Differences: Psychopathology (Abnormality) Key Terms

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  • Created by: MRH__98
  • Created on: 19-04-15 19:13
Biological approach
The approach to psychological disorders which assumes that psychological disorders are physical illnesses with physical causes.
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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Techniques to treat abnormality using concepts from the cognitive approach. The idea is that changing the way information is cognitively processed will result in a change in behaviour.
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Deviation from ideal mental health
Rather than defining what is abnormal this approach defines what is different from regular health as abnormal.
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Deviation from social norms
Under this approach, a person's thinking or behaving is classed as abnormal if it violates the rules about what is expected or acceptable behaviour in a particular social group.
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Drugs
A medicine or other substance which induces a physiological effect when used. A biological method of treatment used to relieve symptoms of illnesses.
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ECT
Electroconvulsive therapy, a procedure in which electric currents are passed through the breain, intentionally triggering a brief seizure.
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Failure to function adequately
Under this definition, a person is considered abnormal if they are unable to cope with the demands of everyday life.
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Psychoanalysis
A system of psychological theory and therapy aiming to treat mental disorders by investigating the conscious & unconscious elements of the mind & bringing repressed fears & conflicts to the conscious mind by techniques like dream interpretation.
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Behavioural approach
A model of abnormality that argues abnormal behaviours are learnt in the same way that all behaviours are lerant- through classical and operant conditioning.
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Cognitive approach
Assumes behaviours are controlled by thoughts and beliefs. So, irrational thoughts and beliefs cause abnormal behaviours.
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Psychodynamic approach
Based on Freud's division of personality into the id, ego and superego. Also uses stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital stages). Suggests conflict & anxiety may occur due to lack of development in the mind.
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Systematic de-sensitisation
A treatment for phobias in which the patient is exposed to progressively more anxiety-provoking stimuli and taught relaxation techniques.
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Card 2

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Techniques to treat abnormality using concepts from the cognitive approach. The idea is that changing the way information is cognitively processed will result in a change in behaviour.

Back

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Card 3

Front

Rather than defining what is abnormal this approach defines what is different from regular health as abnormal.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Under this approach, a person's thinking or behaving is classed as abnormal if it violates the rules about what is expected or acceptable behaviour in a particular social group.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A medicine or other substance which induces a physiological effect when used. A biological method of treatment used to relieve symptoms of illnesses.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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