Indian Wars

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  • Created by: JCSL
  • Created on: 29-05-16 17:43
When was the Permanent Indian Frontier formed?
1832 - Indians given all land west of the Mississippi River
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Which treaty agreed where Indians could hunt and gave travellers a route across the plains?
The Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851
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When did new reservations begin to be agreed?
From 1861 - decreasing Indian lands
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When was the Sand Creek Massacre?
1864
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Who was the general in the Sand Creek Massacre?
Colonel Chivington - he was pro-extermintion
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Which tribe was involved in the Sand Creek Massacre and who led them?
The Cheyenne led by Black Kettle
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What were peaceful Indians ordered to do which Chivington misinterpreted?
Ordered to report to forts, he thought they had come to attack
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How many people were killed in the Sand Creek Massacre?
163 Cheyenne killed - 110 women and children and 28 men
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What did the army do after the Sand Creek Massacre?
Presented the prisoners and scalps to a White American theatre audience
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When was Little Crow's War?
1862
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Which tribe was involved in Little Crow's War?
The Santee Sioux led by Little Crow
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What caused Little Crow's War?
They did not receive their annual cash payment so couldn't but food
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How many settlers were killed in Little Crow's War?
More than 700
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How many Indians were sentenced to death in Little Crow's War?
303 Santee Sioux
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Where were the Indians transferred to after Little Crow's War?
A new, barren reservation - nearly 400 died in the first winter
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When was Red Cloud's War?
1865-68
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Which tribe was involved in Red Cloud's War?
The Sioux led by Red Cloud
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What caused Red Cloud's War?
The Bozeman trail to gold in the Rocky Mountains crossed the Sioux Territory
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What happened in Red Cloud's War?
The US army built forts along the Bozeman Trail which the Indians surrounded forcing them to surrender
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What was the result of Red Cloud's War?
The Great Sioux Reservation was created, Red Cloud lost support to younger more militant leaders like Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse
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When was the Great Sioux War?
1876-77
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What caused the Great Sioux War?
Gold discovered in their sacred Black Hills, government tried to buy them for $6 million
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How many Indians were led of the reservation and by whom in the Great Sioux War?
7,000 led by Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull
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Which 3 tribes were involved in the Great Sioux War?
A mixture of the Sioux, Arapaho and Cheyenne
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Which battle occurred in the Great Sioux War?
The Battle of the Little Bighorn
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How many reinforcements were sent to end the Great Sioux War?
2,500 sent west
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What was the result of the Great Sioux War?
The Sioux were forced to sell the Black Hills and other sacred land
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When was the Ghost Dance Movement?
1890
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What was the Ghost Dance?
A dance believed to bring back the buffalo, get rid of all white people and to bring back all those killed by white people
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Who led the Ghost Dance Movement?
Sitting Bull and also Bigfoot
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When was the Wounded Knee Massacre?
28th December 1890
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Who was involved in the Wounded Knee Massacre?
The 7th Cavalry (fought at the Battle of Little Bighorn) caught Bigfoot and his band
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What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?
Resistance whilst disarming led to the soldiers opening fire
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How many Indians were killed in the Wounded Knee Massacre?
145 Indians killed - 6 boys aged 5-8 and 7 babies
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How many soldiers were killed in the Wounded Knee Massacre?
25 Soldiers killed
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When was the final end of the Indian Frontier?
1895
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Which treaty agreed where Indians could hunt and gave travellers a route across the plains?

Back

The Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851

Card 3

Front

When did new reservations begin to be agreed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When was the Sand Creek Massacre?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who was the general in the Sand Creek Massacre?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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