India- Population and resources- Sustainable Management

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Problem- What is the water overdraft % in North West India?
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Problem- What is the name of the village that experienced a run out in natural asset 1970's-90's and a water crisis in 1989-90?
Hiware Bazar
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Problem- When was the decline in water apparent?
When the wells dried up
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Problem- What are some of the causes for the water problem?
poor permeability of geology, excelerated degradation of forests and green cover, poorly managed wss, over exploitationater, vegetation lo
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Problem- What does this water crisis cause a decline in?
Agricultural production
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Problem- the scale of urban expansion is massive, so the construction sector over the next 10 years it is expected to grow by how much?
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Problem- What does the construction and use of the buildings in the urban expansion put pressure on?
The environment
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Problem what % of GHG emissions does the construction industry produce?
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Problem- What is nearly 2/3 of construction cost?
Materials and employment
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Problem- How many people does the sector employ?
41 milliion in 2011-12
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Problem- How many bricks are produced a year and how much CO2 does this create?
200 million & 41.6 million tonnes
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Problem- Can you give other examples of materials used by the industry and what % this is of india's output of these are used?
45% steel, 85% paint, 65%-70% glass
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Problem- Increased demand and pressure will cause what?
Increased material scarcity and costs in construction
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Problem- what fraction od India's building stock required by 2030 is still yet to be built?
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Problem- What was Dehli ranke 3rd in?
WHO's most polluted cities n India
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Problem- In the last 3 decades, what has there been huge growth in?
Personalised vehicles
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Problem- What % of vehicles are now personalised?
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Problem- There has been an increased output in what sort of fuels?
Auto fuels - petrol and Diesel
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Problem- What did the transport sector contribute to pollution in 1970-71 and 2001?
1970-70= 23%, 2001= 72%
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Solution- The community turned aroun in 1995-2000, by what % did poverty decrease and what helped this?
73%, an increase in agricultural production potential
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Solution- By how many times did the average village workers wage increase and what did this create?
20 times, 54 millionaires
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Solution- What plan was adopted and what does this encourage?
Participatory Planning Processes- villagers treat water as a communty resource and prioritize uses
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Solution- What was introduced to help institutionalised sharing and what does this ensure?
'Water bank'- the village doesn't draw more than it stores in a year and saves a small amount
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Solution- Depending on rainfll in the year, what is the normal water distribution?
drinking water given most priority- every person allowed 50l a day, remaining 70% goes to irrigation & 30% saved for future- percolates
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Solution- Irrigation incresed by how many hectares and with the help of what technology?
120Ha- 260 Ha, drip and open irrigation
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Solution- How were grazing restrictions imposed?
On a rotational and staggered basis so no one became landless & to help with reforestaation
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Solution- After reforestation (which helped conserve the watershed) what were people allowed to do and not allowed to do?
Allowed= collect 1 head of grass a day from common lands w/ sickle preserving roots at a price tht best suited them & not allowed= cutting down trees
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Solution- Introducing energy efficient transportation measures through fuel policies meant what?
Auto fuels were phased out and replaced by CNG's
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Solution- What does CNG stand for? by how many pounds is it less carbon intensive than autofuels?
Compressed Natural Gas, 40-44 pounds
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Solution- The supreme court passed the mandatory order for all public transport to be moved to CNG by when?
March 31st 2001
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Solution- What was in the court order of April 2005?
A penalty on diesel buses ('polluter pays principle')
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Solution- What did the government request of the gas authority?
To lay undergroung pipes for CNG stations
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Solution- How many CNG vehicles were there in 1998 and 2003?
1000 - 70,250
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Solution- What's the name of the project that helps improve transport infrastructure?
new metro flagship project
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Solution- For every 1.5 million passengers, how many vehicles are off road?
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Solution-The metro was 1st to recieve carbon credits from the UN for its 'regenerative braking system'- what is this and what does it do?
As a metro brakes, traction motors generate electricity that is sent into the overhead lines and used by other accelerating trains
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Solution- What % of needed electricity does this system provide?
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Solution- How many tonnes of CO2 did this prevent 2004-7?
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Solution- The urbanisation here is less advanced, why?
To avoid energy and resource intensive infrastructure and allow more potential for green buildings
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Solution- Between 2011-14, how much was the market for green buildings expected to grow and how much in money would this be?
3X & $30billion
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Solution-How much is energy consumption cut by in these buildings?
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Solution- Using recycled building materials saves how much 5 of energy during production?
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Solution- A prime example of a green building would the Development Alternatives Headquarters, situated where?
New Delhi
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Soultion- Can you list 4-5 things that this building does or has done in construction to make it 'green'?
-90% materials sourced around Delhi (minimum transport) -acceptance of indoor temps=40% less operational energy -green clothing minimises heat loss -built in shading devices prevents heat gain -hybrid air conditioning>prioritises water to conditions
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Solution- The building has used 30% less energy in low energy natural building materials and 30% less steel and cement with this, what materials have been used?
mud and fly ash blocks for doors and windows & ferro-cement channels with small steel bars or chicken mesh
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Problem- What is the name of the village that experienced a run out in natural asset 1970's-90's and a water crisis in 1989-90?


Hiware Bazar

Card 3


Problem- When was the decline in water apparent?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Problem- What are some of the causes for the water problem?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Problem- What does this water crisis cause a decline in?


Preview of the front of card 5
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