Memory types and studies (Syllabus based) Part 1 AQA A

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  • Created by: jenny
  • Created on: 03-05-16 18:26

1. What is a strength of the multi-store model?

  • Working memory disagrees that STM is a limited capacity
  • Reductionist as it doesn't take into account how people memorize things, placing only emphasis on amount
  • Regency effects and explains brain damage
  • Doesn't explain the processing of information, e.g turning words into sounds needs other memory joined
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2. How is information lost and stored ,respectively, in LTM?

  • Displacement, Recoding
  • Rehearsal, Interference/ retrieval failure
  • Displacement, Rehearsal
  • Rehearsal, Interference

3. What is the study that supports encoding in LTM?

  • Peterson and Peterson :Consonant Trigrams
  • Bahrick et al : Yearbook photos
  • Baddeley: Acoustically Similar and dissimilar words
  • Miller : Strings of numbers

4. What is case study is support for the multi-store model ?

  • H.M severe brain damage, can't remember new things but can remember past events
  • Batista boys who's hormones only start late in life
  • Genie who couldn't talk even though she was old enough
  • Czech twins who learnt to communicate with only themselves as a guide

5. What is the duration of STM?

  • 15-30 seconds
  • Lifetime
  • 2 hours
  • 7 days


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