Improving the accuracy of EWT: Cognitive Interview

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Gottowork
  • Created on: 11-05-16 15:07
Who came up with the cognitive interview?
Fisher and Geiselman
1 of 10
What is the cognitive interview?
Method of interviewing eyewitnesses to help them retrieve more accurate memories. Report everything, reinstate context, reverse order, change perspective
2 of 10
What is report everything?
Including every single detail of the event, even if it seems irrelevant. May trigger other memories
3 of 10
What is reinstating the context?
Witness should return to the original crime scene in their mind, imagine the environment and their emotions
4 of 10
Why would the witness reverse the order of their recall?
A different chronological order could prevent people reporting their expectations and being dishonest
5 of 10
What does it mean by changing perspective?
Recalling from other people's perspectives, e.g. other witnesses or perpetrator disrupts effect of expectations and schema
6 of 10
What is the enhanced cognitive interview (ECI)?
Fisher et al. - focusing on social dynamics of the interaction, e.g. when to establish eye contact and when to relinquish it. Minimising distractions, speaking slowly, open-ended questions
7 of 10
What is an issue when it comes to using the CI?
It's time-consuming - have to build rapport and allow them to relax, also requires special training. So unlikely 'proper' version is used, maybe why police aren't that impressed
8 of 10
Which elements of the CI may be more valuable than others?
Milne and Bull - report everything and reinstate the context create better recall, some more useful than others but increases credibility. At least these two should be used to increase accuracy
9 of 10
What did Kohnken's meta-analysis of 50 studies show?
The enhanced CI consistently provided more correct information than the standard interview, therefore real practical benefits - police have greater chance of catching criminals, better society
10 of 10

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the cognitive interview?

Back

Method of interviewing eyewitnesses to help them retrieve more accurate memories. Report everything, reinstate context, reverse order, change perspective

Card 3

Front

What is report everything?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is reinstating the context?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why would the witness reverse the order of their recall?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Memory resources »