Important People - Medicine In Britain

Hippocrates
suggested theories such as the four humours (black bile, yellow bile, phylegm and blood), clinical observation (checking symptoms), diagnosis (identification of illness/cause) and the hippocratic oath
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Galen
extended the theories of the four humours by suggesting that they should be rebalanced via the theory of opposites (seasons + elements)
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Thomas Sydenham
believed each disease was different, referred to as the 'English Hippocrates', helped discover Scarlet Fever (illness that mostly affects children) and wrote the book 'Observations Medicae' (1676)
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William Harvey
conducted the theory of how blood circulates around the human body, taught doctors to observe/record patients symptoms instead of relying on textbooks
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Vesalius
suggested the theory that blood flowed towards the heart and carried out a large number of dissections on human bodies and recorded this in his book 'The Fabric Of The Human Body' (published in 1543)
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Edward Jenner
developed vaccination towards preventing smallpox/cowpox (1798)
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James Simpson
discovered that chloroform could be used as an anaesthetic during surgery to help childbirth and patients undergoing operations (1847)
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Florence Nightingale
Improved hygiene and cleanliness for wounded soldiers during the Crimean War (1854-1856) and worked to improve the training of nurses
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John Snow
mapped out death rates and proved that clean water prevented cholera, which was caught from water used for washing and drinking
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Louis Pasteur
published his germ theory suggesting that microbes (bacteria/germs) in the air caused diseases (1861)
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Joseph Lister
learnt that carbolic acid kills parasites in sewage, experimented with carbolic acid to produce the first antiseptic (1867)
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Robert Koch
from analyising Pasteur's work, discovered that bacteria caused indiviual diseases, such as Tuberculosis and Typhoid (1882)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

extended the theories of the four humours by suggesting that they should be rebalanced via the theory of opposites (seasons + elements)

Back

Galen

Card 3

Front

believed each disease was different, referred to as the 'English Hippocrates', helped discover Scarlet Fever (illness that mostly affects children) and wrote the book 'Observations Medicae' (1676)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

conducted the theory of how blood circulates around the human body, taught doctors to observe/record patients symptoms instead of relying on textbooks

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

suggested the theory that blood flowed towards the heart and carried out a large number of dissections on human bodies and recorded this in his book 'The Fabric Of The Human Body' (published in 1543)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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