Important People in Surgery

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Robert Liston
successful surgeon who amputated a leg off in 28 seconds and had discovered ether
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Humphrey Davy
accidentally discovered nitrous oxide in 1799
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James Simpson
accidentally discovered chloroform with friends in 1847
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John Snow
Developed the chloroform inhaler in 1848
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Joseph Lister
Developed Pare's "silk ligatures" and had used carbolic acid to sterilise wounds and equipment
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William Halstead
provided latex rubber gloves to his nurse due to her severe eczema as a reaction to the use or carbolic acid. It was later discovered that the gloves prevented microbes from hands entering the wound.
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Richard Lewisohn
found that adding sodium citrate to blood stopped it from clotting a certain period of time in 1915
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Louis Pateur
published Germ Theory in 1861 which linked disease and microbes
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Richard Weil
Discovered that blood could be stored in refrigerated conditions
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Rous and Turner
Discovered that adding glucose to blood preserved it longer than adding sodium citrate solution did in 1916
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Harold Gillies
set up a plastic surgery unit in the British army and began to experiment with ways of reconstructing facial injuries.
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Robert Koch
Discovered the bacteria of which caused blood poisoning and discovered that steam was more effective at killing microbes than carbolic acid
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Wilhelm Roentgen
discovered X-Rays in 1895
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Alexander Wood
invented the hypodermic needle in 1853
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Horace Weils
first person to use nitrous oxide during a dental operation
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Hannah Greener
the 15 year old girl who died due to the overdose of chloroform during an operation to remove her infected toenail
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William Morton
Found ether gas was a much longer lasting anesthetic
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Ignaz Semmelwis
Found that making students wash their hands in a chlorinated lime solution reduced the rate of Child bed fever (death at child birth of mothers)
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Florence Nightingale
Nurse during the Crimean war that set high standards of hygiene in her hospitals and nurse training
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Ambroise Pare
Developed metal clips to place on arteries during operation and used silk thread to tie blood vessels after an amputation
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James Blundell
brought back blood transfusions in Britain in 19th century in Medical Practice
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Karl Landsteiner
suggested that there were different blood types (blood groups) and that some were mot compatible
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Geofrey Keynes
developed a portable machine that could store blood
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

accidentally discovered nitrous oxide in 1799

Back

Humphrey Davy

Card 3

Front

accidentally discovered chloroform with friends in 1847

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Developed the chloroform inhaler in 1848

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Developed Pare's "silk ligatures" and had used carbolic acid to sterilise wounds and equipment

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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