Impact of WWI on Germany

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Define and give an example of Burgfrieden
Burgfrieden: all political parties put their differences aside for the duration of WWI. This is exemplified when the Reichstag reviewed 800 laws, and did not change any of them - and all of the political parties voted in favour of war credits
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Give an example of the governments failure to organise the food supply.
There were forty different Imperial Corporations who fought amongst each other regarding distribution. In early 1915 the bureaucracy killed 9 million pigs
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German word for substitute goods?
Ersatz
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How many German workers were mobilised?
Up to one third
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What was the SPD's reaction to war credits?
At the end of 1914 only one deputy voted against war credits
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Hindenburg's role in WWI?
Head of supreme army command
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Lundendorff's role in WWI?
General Quatermaster
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What did the Hindenburg Programme entail?
An attempt to double munitions production by militarising the economy (launched in August 1916)
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What does the Hindenburg Programme reveal about Germany? And when was it launched?
Launched in 1916, it showed Germany's commitment to "total war"
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The Kreuznach programme sought what?
Extensive annexations in both East and West
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What did the Kreuznach programme reveal about Germany? And in what year was it launched?
Launched in April 1917, it showed an increasing commitment to a Siegfriede
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Define Siegfriede.
A "glorious victory" which would show Germany's military might.
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Name a great humiliation for Germans
The 1916/7 "Turnip Winter" in which Germans ate turnips because of the lack of potatoes.
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Provide a statistic which shows a decrease in German agricultural strength
Dairy products, and animal fats, fell by 1/3rd in 1917
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Provide an example of political polarisation in the right wing
Hindenburg and Ludendorff's creation of the Fatherland Party (Vaterlandspartei), which gained 1.2 million members by 1918
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Prove an example of political polarisation in the left wing
In 1917 the USPD was created from the SPD
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Increasing desperation in 1917 led to one major political change
Bethmann-Hollweg was replaced by George Michaelis
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What was George Michaelis described as?
"The fairy on top of the christmas tree for the benefit of the children"
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Dark joke regarding the Kaiser's contribution to WWI
"What father is to survive this war with all six sons alive"
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Card 2

Front

Give an example of the governments failure to organise the food supply.

Back

There were forty different Imperial Corporations who fought amongst each other regarding distribution. In early 1915 the bureaucracy killed 9 million pigs

Card 3

Front

German word for substitute goods?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many German workers were mobilised?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the SPD's reaction to war credits?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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