Impact of War

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  • Created by: Megan16B
  • Created on: 10-11-15 20:26
When was WW1?
1914-1918
1 of 114
When was WW2? (2)
1939-1945
2 of 114
What change was there in civilians? (3)
Great change
3 of 114
Especially change in who? (4)
The status and role of women
4 of 114
For the first time, the enemy brought what? (5)
Air raids including Zeppelin raids of the first world war and the blitz
5 of 114
When was the blitz? (6)
1940-1941
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What did the government use to ensure support for the war?(7)
Propaganda + Censorship
7 of 114
Did the government take control of the media? (8)
Yes
8 of 114
What did both wars profoundly change? (9)
Society
9 of 114
A particular impact on who? (10)
Women the role & status
10 of 114
In the 19th century did the public health acts solve all problems (11)
No
11 of 114
What did they tackle? (12)
Sewage, water supplies, spread of diseases
12 of 114
Did they tackle the issues of poverty and the lack of access to healthcare?(13)
No
13 of 114
Did they still remain in 1901? (14)
Yes
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Were poor children receiving adequate food supplies? (15)
No
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What charities helped children? (16)
Salvation army
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What amount of the population lived in poverty? (17)
One quarter
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Were girls shorter and thinner than boys? (18)
Yes
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Were men turned down for being unfit? (19)
Yes
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Was the death of young children accepted as a fact of life? (20)
Yes
20 of 114
Did the government decide to act after the Boer war ended in 1901? (21)
Yes
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When did working class men get the vote? (22)
1902
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What was offered to the school children? (23)
Free school meals
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When did examinations of schools childrens health begin? (24)
1907
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When was the liberal social reforms?(25)
1906-1911
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Who put in a new series of laws? (26)
Lloyd George and the Liberals
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When was this? (27)
1902-1919
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What did they create? (28)
Welfare state
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To end what? (29)
Poverty and improve public health
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What happened in 1902? (30)
Midwives received proper training- made compulsory
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What happened in 1906? (31)
Free school meals provided for all poor children
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What happened in 1907? (32)
Schools provide free medical checks
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What else happened in 1907? (33)
All births were registered
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What happened in 1908? (34)
Old age pensions act
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What happened in 1909? (35)
Town planning act banning "Back to back" houses
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What happened in 1911? (36)
National Health Insurance act
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What happened in 1918? (37)
Health visitors, clinics for pregnant women and infants- nuseries.
37 of 114
What happened in 1919? (38)
Subsidised housing acts
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When did the zeppelin raids start bombing? (39)
January 1915
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What was their main target? (40)
London
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What did London do? (41)
Strict blackouts regulations
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Why did the public become angry? (42)
Little defence against the raids
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When was the last zeppelin raid? (43)
1917
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What happened if a zeppelin was shot? (44)
It would explode
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How many people were killed (45)
Over 500
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How many were injured? (46)
1300
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From May 1917 the Germans began to use aircraft known as what? (47)
Gotha IV Bombers
47 of 114
What size bombs could these carry? (48)
Small
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Did they cause panic? (49)
Yes a great lot
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Was the loss of life high? (50)
Yes, there was no protection or shelter
50 of 114
What made the government bring in better searchilights, balloons, and anti-aircraft guns? (51)
Public pressure
51 of 114
What stopped these raids? (52)
The Germans could not afford further raids as 7 out of 19 bombers where shot down
52 of 114
The majority of raids only affected where? (53)
South East of England
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Which world war included much more serious german bombing raids? (54)
World War 2
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What allowed bombers to fly further and drop larger destructive bombs? (55)
Technology
55 of 114
What was the aim of the Blitz? (56)
To destroy the morale of the people so the government would surrender
56 of 114
What was another aim of the Blitz?(57)
To destory key industrial areas and communications to limit Britains ability to fight the war
57 of 114
When the did the bombing raids become less frequent? (58)
May 1941
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What did Hitler turn his attention to? (59)
The invasion of the USSR
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What was the worst place hit in WW2? Why? (60)
East end, because of the dock area
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When were V1 & V2 raids used? (61)
1944 & 1945
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What was the V1 bomb? (62)
A flying bomb also known as a doodlebug
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The V2 bomb was more of a serious threat... True or false? (63)
True
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How were they more of a serious threat? (64)
They could fly at supersonic speed and could not be seen or shot down
64 of 114
Was bombing accurate in World War 2? (65)
No
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What had to be blacked out? (66)
Homes, businesses, cars and trains
66 of 114
Was the blackout regulations taking seriously? (67)
Yes, some people even stoned people's windows if they did not follow the regulations
67 of 114
Where could people shelter? (68)
Anderson shelters, morrison shelters,underground
68 of 114
How did people keep cheerful? (69)
Sing songs, canteens provided hot drinks
69 of 114
Did schools have their own shelters? (70)
Yes
70 of 114
Was censorship & propaganda effective in playing down the negative reactions of individuals? (71)
Yes
71 of 114
What was DORA? (72)
Defence of the Realm Act
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Did DORA allow the government to censor newspapers? (73)
Yes
73 of 114
What did DORA restrict people doing? (74)
Talk about military affairs in public, light bonfires or fireworks, buy binoculars, ring church bells
74 of 114
Were farmers and minors allowed to join the army? (75)
No
75 of 114
What did the government introduce in 1916? (76)
conscription because the numbers of men signing up decreased
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What is the definition for Conscientious Objectors? (77)
Someone objecting to fighting on religious or moral grounds
77 of 114
Where were CO's sent? (78)
To prison, they would be treated cruelly
78 of 114
When was the 'Emergency Powers Act' passed? (79)
May 1940
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What did it give the government?(80)
Unlimited power, civilians had to do what the government wished
80 of 114
What was the main role of the government during both World Wars? (81)
Maintain supplies of food
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When was rationing introduced? (82)
January 1918
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Did poorer people get healthier? (83)
Yes, fairer share of healthy food
83 of 114
Was rationing as severe as it was in WW2? (84)
No
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When did the first evacuation take place?(85)
August 31st
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What was this the day before? (86)
The Germans invaded Polan
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What did the Emergency Powers Act allow the authorities to do? (87)
Force families to take children if they had room
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Were children abused? (88)
Yes
88 of 114
Did girls receive a real education? (89)
No, very few did
89 of 114
Socially women were expected to take who with them? (90)
Chaperone
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Who was this usually? (91)
An older female relative
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Was smoking & drinking considered acceptable? (92)
No
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Where did women play an important role in world war 1? (93)
On the home front
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Were chemicals they worked with poisonous? (94)
Yes
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How were they dangerous? (95)
They dyed the hair, and skin of the workers yellow
95 of 114
What nickname did this lead to? (96)
The canaries
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What did the work of women lead to? (97)
Growing independence
97 of 114
Did they have to go around with a chaperone now?(98)
No, because there were fewer men
98 of 114
When was the Representation of the People Act passed? (99)
Before the war ended
99 of 114
Did this make them now totally equal to men? (100)
No
100 of 114
Who was the first woman MP? (101)
Nancy Astor
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Where was she an MP? (102)
Plymouth
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Who were the most extreme women and what did they do? (103)
Flappers, they wore short skirts, revealing clothes, wore make up and had short hair
103 of 114
When did the married womens property act come in? (104)
1925
104 of 114
When was a law passed that made it illegal to bar a woman from a job? (105)
1919
105 of 114
Did unmarried women ever get conscripted into work? (106)
Yes, in ww2
106 of 114
What was introduced in 1943?(107)
The equal pay commission
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Did this have any power? (108)
No, employers ignored it
108 of 114
What did war work give women? (109)
Confidence and independence
109 of 114
Did the government help with child-care commitments? (110)
Yes
110 of 114
Were films made to keep up the morale? (111)
Yes
111 of 114
What other media types were key methods of keeping up the morale? (112)
Entertainment and radio
112 of 114
Who were key individuals? (113)
David Lloyd George, Winston Churchill
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What did Winston Churchill used to keep the morale high of British people? (114)
His speaking skills
114 of 114

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was WW2? (2)

Back

1939-1945

Card 3

Front

What change was there in civilians? (3)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Especially change in who? (4)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

For the first time, the enemy brought what? (5)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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