Immortality

HideShow resource information
What is immortality?
Endless life or existence; life after death
1 of 29
What is a legacy?
Something handed down from an ancestor; a way of being remembered after death
2 of 29
What from do Christians believe the body takes after death?
It can be in a physical form or as an immortal soul
3 of 29
When do Christians believe they are judged?
Some believe it all takes place on judgement day while others believe it happens at death
4 of 29
What do Roman Catholics believe happens after death?
Souls go to purgatory to be cleansed of any sins and prepared for heaven
5 of 29
What are the jewish beliefs about resurrection?
They teach spiritual resurrection. When people die they go to sheol where they wait for the world to come and for God to judge them.
6 of 29
What are the jewish beliefs about what happens after judgement?
They have no belief in heaven or hell. Their final destination is one of the seven levels to God. The closer the better.
7 of 29
Muslim beliefs about resurrection
After the body is buried, the soul is taken for questioning by 2 angels. Good souls can answer but bad souls can't. Then the souls wait for judgement day when Allah will send them to paradise or hell. The period of waiting is called Barzakh.
8 of 29
What is reincarnation?
Being born again in another form
9 of 29
What is rebirth?
Being born again after death
10 of 29
What is Karma?
Good or bad actions build up good or bad karma. The consequences of an action may not be experienced in this life but may influence the next. Events that happen in this life may be the result of actions in past lives.
11 of 29
What are the Hindu beliefs about reincarnation?
The soul (atman) is eternal. Their goal is to be united with Brahman and obtain Moksha. They don't believe that the reincarnated soul carries any personal qualities from one life to the next, but the immortal essence of the atman does.
12 of 29
What are the Buddhist beliefs about rebirth?
The conscience anatta survives from life to life. The quality of the next life is determined by their actions in the previous ones. Nibbana is reached when they achieve enlightenment.
13 of 29
Evidence of immortality in christian scriptures
Jesus was resurrected on Easter day- evidence of immortality. St Paul taught that "Christians will be raised with a new spiritual body after death" (1 corinthians 15)
14 of 29
What are the problems with the beliefs about resurrection?
The medical profession has not found anything to prove that there is a separate part of the human body called the soul.
15 of 29
What are the problems with the beliefs about reincarnation?
Why can't people remember their past lives/speak loads of languages?
16 of 29
What are the problems with scripture as evidence of immortality?
If people don't belong to a religion, they won't accept the truth of scripture. The different scriptures don't agree with each other- which ones is right? Many teachings in scripture appear to conflict with modern science and medicine.
17 of 29
How are ghosts evidence of immortality?
Lots of people claim to have seen them/ seen the same one. Some interact with humans, suggesting some form of control.
18 of 29
How is channelling evidence of immortality?
The spiritualist church is based on mediums who claim to be able to communicate with the dead. Sometimes messages contain accurate information.
19 of 29
How are NDE's evidence of life after death?
Many describe similar experiences or traveling through a tunnel of light etc.Pam Reynolds is an example of such a person.
20 of 29
Argument against immortality- no proof
Bodies are immortal: No proof about what happens to the body after death. Scripture and revelations differ: they don't agree so they can't be proof. Wishful thinking: belief in life after death can be comforting.
21 of 29
What is John Hick's argument?
He argued that there is proof, but it is only available when we die.
22 of 29
What are the evolution arguments against immortality?
Richard Dawkins: there is no purpose to life. We are no more than DNA. We only survive by passing on our DNA to our children.
23 of 29
What are the cryonic arguments against immortality?
The preservation of humans until a cure may be available raises a lot of questions. At what point does the should leave the body?
24 of 29
What are the space exploration arguments against immortality?
No astronauts have ever seen any evidence of heaven.
25 of 29
Believers' replies to these arguments:
If there is no divine purpose to life then what motivates people to worship and help others?
26 of 29
What is materialism?
Materialism sas that our minds are inseparable from our bodies. Life depends on a bran and nervous system and death destroys these.
27 of 29
What is dualism?
Dualism says that we are in two separate parts, our mind and soul and our body.
28 of 29
Is dualism compatible with religious belief?
Yes: Dualism agrees that with death, the body decays and the immortal should continues. No: M+C believe in resurrection.
29 of 29

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a legacy?

Back

Something handed down from an ancestor; a way of being remembered after death

Card 3

Front

What from do Christians believe the body takes after death?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When do Christians believe they are judged?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What do Roman Catholics believe happens after death?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Immortality- Philosophy Unit 4 resources »