immigration + race - 60s

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what did the Labour Party pass in 1962?
New Commonwealth Immigration Act - limited immigrants to whether they had job, possessed certain skills + were dependent on anyone living in UK already
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what did Conservative use as a slogan in 1964? (teacher/candidate named this)
‘if you want a niggar for a neighbour, vote Labour’
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what did a Survey in N. London – 1965 show regarding race relations?
½ said they would refuse to live next door to a black person
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what did Labour govt. pass in 1965?
1965 –passed first Race Relation Act - banned discrimination ‘on grounds of colour, race or ethnic/national origins’ BUT excluded discrimination in housing + employment
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what was the race relations board? - set up w/ race relations act 1965
Complaints had to be referred to the Race Relations Board – BUT couldn’t compel witnesses to attend hearings, many complaints dismissed due to lack of evidence
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what was the new commonwealth immigration act 1968?
tightened immigration rules (public pressure) - prohibited new immigrants from settling in Britain unless had family connections - was prompted as there was a sudden influx of Kenyan Asians, in Feb
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what impact did the new commonwealth immigration act 1968 have?
critics saw it was unfair + restricted immigrants from new commonwealth to 1,500 per year + left 200,000 Kenyan Asians adrift. 72% in support of act
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who was enoch Powell?
Conservative politician - v. anti-immigration
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what was Powell's Rivers of blood speech 1968?
Prompted over arrival of Kenyan Asians + he gave his vision of a future Britain shattered by racial conflict. he argued immigrants had more rights than white population + govt. sold offer grants to 'non-white' immigrants to return home
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what was impact of Enoch Powell's speech in govt. - rivers of blood?
Speech condemned from all political sides +Edward Heath felt obliged to dismiss him from shadow cabinet.
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what impact did Powell's speech have on his popularity?
Speech made Powell popular – London Dockers strikes & protests march to Downing street in response to sacking. 70% in favour.
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What was Roy Jenkins opinion on multiculturalism?
he was home secretary 1964-67. he was advocate of multiculturalism - view found four w/ liberals BUT widely opposed
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what did race relations act in 1968 do?
The race relations board given stronger powers + banned racial discrimination in housing, employment, insurance + other services.
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what were the negatives of race relations act 1968?
employers could discriminate against non-whites in interest of ‘racial balance’ and complaints against police were excluded from the law.
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Card 2

Front

what did Conservative use as a slogan in 1964? (teacher/candidate named this)

Back

‘if you want a niggar for a neighbour, vote Labour’

Card 3

Front

what did a Survey in N. London – 1965 show regarding race relations?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what did Labour govt. pass in 1965?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what was the race relations board? - set up w/ race relations act 1965

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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