Illegitimate Opportunity structures

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  • Created by: MiaC
  • Created on: 16-06-15 12:19
Who talks about illegitimate opportunity structures?
Cloward and Ohlin
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How do Cloward and Ohlin agree with Merton?
That the Working Class Youths are denied legitimate opportunity
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What is it hard to achieve for the working class youths? What do they do as a result?
Money success so they become deviant.
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What is the crime to win status? Sociologist?
Non Utilitarian Cimes - Cohen
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What is the crime for economic value? Example? Sociologist?
Utilitarian- Theft- Merton
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What do Cloward and Ohlin suggest that deviance can also occur from in terms of opportunity structure?
Unequal access to the illegitimate as well as the legitimate.
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What theory do they build on?
Cultural transmission theory
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Who talks about the cultural transmission theory
Shaw and Mckay from the Chicago school
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Explain the cultural transmission theory
That some neighbourhoods develop criminal tradition which is transmitted through generations whereas others are relatively crime free.
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What are characteristics of a criminal subculture?
It is like an apprenticeship where they have long standing crime learnt from role models
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What is meritocracy for the members of criminal subcultures?
Moving up the criminal ladder
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What are characteristics of a conflict subculture?
High population where people come in and out, people mark their turf with non utilitarian crime like violence.
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What are conflict subcultures similar to in terms of theory?
Cohens working class boys
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What are characteristics of a retreatist subculture?
They have failed to be both legitimate and illegitimate, they are in the peripheral view of society.
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What do people in retreatist subcultures usually turn to for salvation?
Drugs and alcohol.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How do Cloward and Ohlin agree with Merton?

Back

That the Working Class Youths are denied legitimate opportunity

Card 3

Front

What is it hard to achieve for the working class youths? What do they do as a result?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the crime to win status? Sociologist?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the crime for economic value? Example? Sociologist?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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