Idiographic and nomothetic approach

  • Created by: Dorii
  • Created on: 25-01-17 16:56
What is the idiographic approach?
A methodology which focuses on the uniqueness of the individual.
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What research methods would be used in an idiographic approach?
Cases studies, unstructured interviews, self-reports.
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What data would be generated by an idiographic approach?
Qualitative- can be turned into quantitative using content analysis.
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4 strenghts of the idiographic approach
1. individual feels valued and unique, which enhances their self-esteem, provides a complete, global understanding of the individual, can serve as ideas for later hypothesis, can discover and look deeper into rare behaviours
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3 limitations of the idiographic approach
non-scientific, cannot be observed via the senses (not empirical), results cannot be generalised to the general population because of individual diffs and subjective interpretations by researcher, largely ignores biological basis of behaviour
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The nomothetic approach focuses on
similarities individuals, establishing patterns of human behaviour
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These two methods are used in the nomothetic approach and this is the type of data produced by such an approach
Experiments and observation and data: quantitative
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The nomothetic approach has three laws/kinds:
1. classifying people into groups, establishing principles, establishing dimensions
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An example of "classifying people into groups"
DSMIV checklist for classifying people with mood disorders
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An example of "establishing principles"
behaviourist laws- stimulus-response links (environmentally reductionist)
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An example of "establishing dimensions"
Eysenck's personality inventory
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Strenghts of nomothetic approach
generalisability due to large sample size, scientific and empirical, combines aspects of both biological and social psychology
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Limitations of the nomothetic approach
Looses focus on the individual, not holistic,does not know motivations behind behaviour because individuals might act the same, but diff things could motivate them, predictions about groups may not be applied to individuals themselves,lab experiment
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If nomothetic and idiographic approaches were considered together, you would get an _______________approach
interactionist
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Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation is an example of ___________---approach
nomothetic
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Psychodynamic approach is idiographic because it uses which method
case studies
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Humanistic approach and case studies on memory are this approach
idiographic
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Idiographic and nomothetic together could _________each other
Complement- idiographic can further develop to a nomothetic law
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Both idiographic and nomothetic approaches are scientific because
Idiographic- descriptions, nomothetic- predictions
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Which methodology is used depends on
the purpose of the research
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What research methods would be used in an idiographic approach?

Back

Cases studies, unstructured interviews, self-reports.

Card 3

Front

What data would be generated by an idiographic approach?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

4 strenghts of the idiographic approach

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

3 limitations of the idiographic approach

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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