Identity & Socialisation

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  • Created by: Katharine
  • Created on: 23-03-14 14:15
SOCIALISATION
The process of learning norms & values
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AGENTS OF SOCIALISATION
Family, religion, mass media, education, workplace & peer groups
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PRIMARY SOCIALISATION
First stage of socialisation, FAMILY, approx. 0-5 years old
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SECONDARY SOCIALISATION
Second stage of socialisation, starts at approx. 4-5 years old
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NURTURE
Refers to how you are TAUGHT to behave
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NATURE
Refers to behaviour that is determined by (innate) BIOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES
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IMITATION
Socialisation involves imitation: COPYING role models
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GENDER SOCIALISATION
Socialisation involves gender socialisation: taught norms & values in relation to your sex
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HYPODERMIC SYRINGE MODEL
Media injects ideas into people, which they accept
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SECULARISATION
The decline of religion
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SOCIAL CONTROL MECHANISMS
Sanctions and rewards: regulate behaviour
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FORMAL SOCIAL CONTROL
Formal or WRITTEN DOWN rules/laws regarding behaviour
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INFORMAL SOCIAL CONTROL
Rules regarding behaviour that are NOT WRITTEN DOWN formally i.e. implied rules
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IDENTITY
Sameness & difference, hard to define
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JENKINS (2004)
Distinguishes between INDIVIDUAL and COLLECTIVE identity
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INDIVIDUAL IDENTITY
Referring to how a person is different from everyone else
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COLLECTIVE IDENTITY
Referring to how a person identifies or attaches with a certain group
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BRADLEY (1996)
Distinguishes between PASSIVE and ACTIVE identity
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PASSIVE IDENTITY
Something you were born/socialised into (ASCRIBED)
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ACTIVE IDENTITY
Something you choose to pursue (ACHIEVED)
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WOODWARD (2000)
Identity is about CHOICE and BELONGING to something, choice is essential
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INDIVIDUALISM
Freedom of action for individuals, achieved by CHOICE
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Family, religion, mass media, education, workplace & peer groups

Back

AGENTS OF SOCIALISATION

Card 3

Front

First stage of socialisation, FAMILY, approx. 0-5 years old

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Second stage of socialisation, starts at approx. 4-5 years old

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Refers to how you are TAUGHT to behave

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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