Identity

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What did Weber and Meade develop ideas on?
The way people make sense of their lives
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What did G.H.Meade suggest people act on?
Their sense of understanding and meaning and not on rationality or logic
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What is interactionism?
How we perceive out meaning and identity
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Why can identity be variable?
Because it reflects the views of others who look at your identity in certain ways
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What are the two elements of identity?
Primary identity- 'sense of self' & Secondary identity- the 'roles' you play in society
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What are the five ways that we develop our sense of identity?
By others, By where we are, By symbolism, By what is imposed upon us, By what we choose
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What is significant other?
A person who has great influence on one's behaviour and self esteem. It describes any person with a strong influence on an individual's self concept
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What does our sex determine?
A set of cultural expectations
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What did Farley (1990) say were the identity observations of the Western world for men?
Leadership, control of social situations, decision-making, active unemotional behaviours, aggression
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What did Farley (1990) say were the identity observations of the Western world for women?
Physical dependency and weakness, emotionalism, lack of control, passive and caring behaviours, family centred
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What did Oakley develop a process of?
Gender socialisation
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What are the four processes Oakley described in terms of following primary socialisation in the family?
Manipulation, canalisation, verbal appellations, different activities
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Why did Staham (1986) criticise this idea?
He argued that even if parents avoided purposeful gender socialisation the child would be subject to other secondary socialisation forces that are beyond parental control
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How did Butler (1990) add to this line of though?
He claimed that media stereotyping of gender roles is so powerful it is hard to ignore
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What did Wolf (1990) claim about perfect body image?
It exploited women and controlled them by gender
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What does social class describe?
An entire group of people with similar education, income and occupation
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Who are the middle class?
Professionals, have high income and high levels of education
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?Who are the working class?
Those who have never worked or had low level low paying jobs. They also tend to have no formal education passed GCSEs
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What did Savage (1992) suggest about the lifestyles of the working class?
They differ greatly because middle classes have more disposable incomes so they spend it on holidays and their children are more likely to go to 'better' fee paying schools
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What concept did Bourdieu develop and what did he claim?
'Cultural capital', claiming the dominant ruling class are and teachers are socialised by their own class and more likely to succeed
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What did Savage (2005) identify was a typical of working class?
They view themselves as ordinary people as opposed to those in professions because of the work they do
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Where is it that people first learn their ethnic identity?
The family
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What did Modood (2005) say about food, dress and family traditions?
They are key players in teaching ethnicity to the family
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What did Ghuman (1991) find strong links between?
Religion teaching Asian migrant children the key virtues of obedience, loyalty and respect
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What did Butler (1995) say about religion?
It is critical to the way young Muslims acquired identity and that Islam was their moral guidance through teaching
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What is 'nationhood' linked to?
A specific geographical area/region
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What is extreme nationalism?
Behaviour that often leads to intolerance of others
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What is civic nationalism?
Behaviour that unites people to feel pride in their country
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What did Maguire (2012) argue about the coverage of Team GB in the 2012 Olympics?
It was politically motivated to counter the fear of the UK breaking up with the rise of Scottish independence
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did G.H.Meade suggest people act on?

Back

Their sense of understanding and meaning and not on rationality or logic

Card 3

Front

What is interactionism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why can identity be variable?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the two elements of identity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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