ICT Chapter 1: Let's communicate

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Smart phone
a phone offering advanced features, e.g. the ability to send emails, surf the internet
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Multifunctional
having the ability to do many different things using the same device
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SD and SDHC cards
Secure digital cards are one type of flash memory card which store up to 2 GB of data. Secure Digital High Capacity cards are another type of flash memory card and they are ideal for video cameras because they can store up to 32 GB of data.
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File format
the paricular code that a file is stored in. Different software and devices use different formats, which can cause problems if a device cannot decode the information.
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Compatible
the ability of a device to communicate and share information with another device
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Bluetooth
allows the exchange of data over short distances from fixed and mobile devices. In order for devices to communicate they must be able to understand the Bluetooth rules (protocols)
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WiFi
wireless fidelity. It is similar to Bluetooth in that it is used to exchange data but the signals can travel further distances
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Global positioning system (GPS)
a navigational system used in many devices which gives current location, directions from current location to specified destination using signals from satellites
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Assisted GPS (AGPS)
This is a technology that has been built into mobile phones. When the signal between a mobile phone and satellites is weak sent by the mobile phone is diverted to mobile masts which identify the phone's exact location.
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User interface
the way in which the user interacts with a system such as a computer or mobile phone e.g. keypad, screens, menu and icons
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Repetitive strain injury (RSI)
damage caused to the muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves or joints, usually because of repeating the same action
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Etiquette
a set of rules that people try to abide by out of respect for other people around them
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Public domain
materials that are available for anyone to use for any purpose (not subject to laws of copyright)
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Desktop computer
a stationary computer, usually consisting of a tower and separate monitor. It is generally more powerful and has a larger storage capacity that a portable computer
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Portable computer
designed to allow the user to use the computer on the move, e.g. laptop, notebook, netbook and PDA
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Specification (spec)
the technical details of a device or system
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Primary storage
built-in storage designed to be directly accessed by the central processing unit (CPU)
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Network
devices connected together to allow communication and exchange of data
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Peripherals
external devices connected to a computer, e.g. printer, microphone
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Software
programs that give instructions to a computer and which allow the user to carry out different tasks
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Future proofing
anticipating future developments when you buy something in the hope that it will not go out of date quickly. It can be expensive as buying something top of the range will cost more than if you wait a short while
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Real time
the actual time during which something takes place, without noticeable delays
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Emoticon
the use of icons or text to portray mood or facial expression
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VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol)
this technology is used to make telephone calls via the internet, usually at a cheaper cost
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3G
third-generation wireless communication allows high-speed wireless data transfer
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Latency
the time delay between the moment something is initiated and the moment it becomes detectable
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Internet service provider (ISP)
a company that provides Internet access to its customers
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Social networking site
an online community where people can communicate and share information
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Link
allows users to navigate around a product. By clicking on a link, the user can 'jump' to a new screen
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Blog
short for 'web log', a shared online journal where people can post diary entries about their personal experiences and hobbies.
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Browser
a software application for retrieving, presenting and navigating information resources on the World Wide Web
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Spam
unwanted or junk email sent to lots of recipients at the same time
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Protocol
a set of rules used by computers to communicate with each other across a network. Without these computers would not be bale to communicate effectively
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Personalised learning
learning that is tailored towards the individual to allow them to make progress
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Collaboratively
working together with other people
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Information overload
having so much information available that the user feels overwhelmed and is unable to take any of it in, possibly leading to stress
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Plagiarism
copying someone else's work and presenting it as your own
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Virus
a program designed to cause other programs to malfunction or stop working altogether
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Fraud
tricking someone for personal gain or to damage them
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Peer-to-peer
sharing files among groups of people who are logged on to a file-sharing network
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Hacker
someone who gains unauthorised access to a computer in order to obtain data stored on it
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Identity theft
a crime that involves someone pretending to be another person in order to steal money or obtain other benefits
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e-commerce
buying and selling goods electronically, usually over the Internet
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Globalisation
the increasing integration of economies and societies around the world, particularly through international trade
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Hardware
the physical parts of a computer system, e.g. the CPU and the devices connected to it
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

having the ability to do many different things using the same device

Back

Multifunctional

Card 3

Front

Secure digital cards are one type of flash memory card which store up to 2 GB of data. Secure Digital High Capacity cards are another type of flash memory card and they are ideal for video cameras because they can store up to 32 GB of data.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the paricular code that a file is stored in. Different software and devices use different formats, which can cause problems if a device cannot decode the information.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the ability of a device to communicate and share information with another device

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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