ICT Unit 3

HTML
The programming language used to create a website.
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URL
The UNIQUE address for every website on the internet.
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Homepage
First/ main page on a website
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Hotspot
An image used as a link on a website
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Template
A set layout which is used throughout a website for CONSISTENCY.
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Hyperlink
A link that takes the user from one part of a website to another
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Hypertext
Text used as a link on a website
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Leaderboard
A banner used for ADVERTISING
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Golden Triangle
TOP LEFT hand corner of a website. The area, which the eye focusses on FIRST on a webpage of search results.
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Other facilities on a website
forums, maps, email form, search box, logon
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Devices to access websites
Mobile, smart phone, tablet, laptop, smart TV, games console.
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Sequencing instructions
Provided a few instructions to tell your user about how they can Navigate YOUR WEBSITE OR PRESENTATION
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Animation
Slide presentations can useb some basic animations to make the information look interesting on screen. Websites may use Adobe Flash animations or animated GIFs.
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Transitions
It is possible to animate tge way that slides and web pages move from one slide or page to another.
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Links
Hyperlinks allows users to move between pages or different slides by clicking text links, buttons or images.
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Consideration of target audience
Presentations and websites must be designed in a way which is appropriate for the people who are viewing it. A colourful presentation with Clip Art images, different animations/transitions may appeal to CHILDREN but not to a professional.
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Consideration of target audience - language comparison
Business people may be able to cope with lots of difficult language and complicated concepts whereas children may not.
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Standard Navigation Techniques
People will already be used to seeing buttons like "homepage", "back" and "next". It makes sense to add these familiar buttons.
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Disability considerations
Sound - record a NARRATION in addition to the text to help those who are visually impaired.
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Disability considerations
Fonts - Don't use a font size which is TOO SMALL. Use a CLEAR, READABLE font types to help those who are VISUALLY IMPAIRED.
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Editing techniques
zoom, sizing, scaling, cloning, brush, crop, red-ey removal, skew, rotate, distiortion, brightness.
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Pixel
A coloured dot in an image
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Bitmap
an image made up of pixels each having thier own colour information. Can become blurred/ lose qualtiy if over stretched. Large file sizes.
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Vector Image
An image made up MATHEMATICALLY of Shapes and Lines.
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Features of a VECTOR IMAGE.
Takes up less space than Bitmaps. Used for things such as maps. Used on web due to thier fast DOWNLOAD SPEED. Portable (work in a wide range of software)
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Image resolution
The amount of DETAIL in an image. Resolution is measured in DPI (Dots Per Inch). Higher the DPI the Better quality image.
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Types of backgrounds
Transparent - No background, No memory used for the background therefore REDUCING the FILE SIZE of the image.
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White (types of backgrounds)
All ONE COLOUR background. Information stored about one colour so memort used but NOT A GREAT DEAL.
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Coloured backgrounds (types of backgrounds)
Information stored about each art of background. LARGE FILE SIZE.
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Data compression
REMOVING some of the content from a file, which is UNNEEDED to REDUCE the FILE SIZE. This makes the file SMALLER, for sending or storage on a device.
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Advantages of Data Compression
More files can be stored on a storgae device. Time to put images on a website will be reduced. Time to access a website will be faster. More music on a device.
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Disadvantages of Data Compression
Quality of the image will be poorer if compressed. Music can lose come quality. Open to files being copied or downloaded quickly.
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Animation Definition
Moving text / Moving Image
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Tweening
A technique that is used to gnerate the in between frames of a KEY FRAME ANIMATION.
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Onion Skinning
The animator could make the previous frames visable to help plan the next frame to give a smother animation.
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Rotorscoping
Tracing around an image to give it a cartoon like appearance
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Persistence of vision
The process by which the eye is fooled into thinking that still pictures are moving.
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Story Board.
is a plan detailing key elements of a movie / animation
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Cloning
An object / frame is duplicated.
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Stop Motion Animation
Moving an object a Small amount each time between taking photographs.
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How does sound occur?
In waves and is known as ANALOGUE SOUND.
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What type of sound can the computer understand?
The computer cannot understand ANALOGUE SOUND so the computer needs it to be comnverted to DIGITAL SOUND.
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What is Digital sound?
Digital sound is made up of 1s and 0s
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MIDI
Musical Intrument Digital Interface
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What does a MIDI do?
Converts insturments into DIGITAL data which can be saved as a file onto the computer.
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File formates - 3 types
WAV - uncompressed , MP3-compressed, WMA - compressed
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Advantages of WAV?
Nothing is removed from the sound. Very high quality. Plays on a range of systems.
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Disadvantages of a WAV?
MASSIVE file sizes. Takes a lot LONGER to download. Not as many fit on to a portable device.
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Advantages of MP3?
Range of quality levels. Small file sizes. Plays on a range of systems.
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Disadvantages of MP3?
Easily copied. Some parts of songs are removed. Needs an MP3 decoder.
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Advantages of WMA ?
High quality sound. Plays on Windows Media Player. Small file size.
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Disadvantages of WMA ?
Easily copied. Parts of songs removed. Exclusive to Windows. Needs a WMA decoder.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

URL

Back

The UNIQUE address for every website on the internet.

Card 3

Front

Homepage

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Hotspot

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Template

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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