ICT in Healthcare

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What are the body monitors?
Heart Rate Monitors, Life Support, Breathing Monitors, O2 Monitors, Motion Sensors, Blood Gas Monitors
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Give 4 advantages to body monitors.
Monitors patients 24/7. Alarms can be set to alert medical staff when sensor picks up result over a certain level. Sensors can be adjusted to suit individual patients. Information can be recorded, printed out, and so on. Takes pressure off Nurses.
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Give 3 disadvantages to body monitors.
Lack of Human contact. Over reliance of Nurses. Expensive. Sensors can be incorrectly calibrated so will give inaccurate results.
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What are the 2 Body Scanners?
MRI Scan, CAT Scan
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What is a MRI Scan?
Gives tremendous level of detail on tissue information, uses magnetic and radio waves
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What is CAT Scan?
Can produce a complete 3D model of a patient’s bones and internal organs using xrays
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What are the advantages of Body Scanners?
To have a scan, very high quality images. Less invasive than surgery. Can strip away the layers electronically to get at the real problem. Able to show soft tissue problems.Produce accurate diagnosis without the need for surgery Leads to faster rec
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What are the disadvantages of Body Scanners?
Some patients can find them claustrophobic. Very expensive to buy, need experts to control them.Health risks – increased risk of cancer.Need for expert training / interpretation. Postcode lottery, so have long waiting lists.
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What is EPR and explain it?
Electronic Patient Record Keeping, Patients given a unique number. Provides a unique key to information about the patient. E.g. name, DOB, blood type, allergies.
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What are the advantages of EPR?
Do not have to repeat same information. Not as easy to get lost as paper methods. Accessed anywhere by anyone, anytime. All previous records available to see. Allows illnesses to be tracked and monitored. Can be used by a variety of people.
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what are the disadvantages of EPR?
Huge database requires storing. EPR system has already fallen well behind schedule and is costing more than originally budgeted. Need to back up to ensure corrupted data is no lost.
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What is the NHS Database?
A database is an application that manages data and allows fast storage and retrieval of that data. Some hospitals supply smart card to patients which stores records and can be taken around with the patient. Part of a LAN
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What are the benefits of the NHS Database?
Records can be updated instantly, Full information available at the bed side without having to fetch and return paper records. Link with GP surgeries improved so that GP can see what is happening to their patient. Saves Doctors' time at the bedside
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What is AI?
Artificial intelligence, AI is the reasoning process performed by computers which allows the computer to make deductions, produce information and modify / write rules. The computer is able to store data and learn from it. It can behave the same wa
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What are the Benefits of AI?
Fast processing of data. Obeying instructions / following their programming.
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What are the Drawbacks of AI?
Not good at: Adapting to circumstances Dealing with data in parallel. Using data that is imprecise or has errors.
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What is Blood Bar Coding?
Blood bar coding allows the tracking of blood from its donation to its use. Patients have a bracelet with a barcode which is matched with bar code on the blood
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What is the Process of Blood Bar Coding?
1. Blood is Collected, Screened, Identified. 2.Data is stored on a database that matches up with the bar code on the bag.3. Stored in Blood Bank. 4. The blood when required is sent to the Hospital 5. Before patient BarCodes on the patient are matched
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What are the Positives to Blood Bar Coding?
Can track a patient / donor if given bad blood (CJD, hepatitis, cross contamination). Better stock control of the blood. Makes sure patient gets the right type.Infected blood given to a patient now able to track source, who else had the blood.
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What is an Expert System?
Expert systems are rule-based, specific systems that are designed to reproduce the role of human expert systems.
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What are the three main component of an Expert System?
Knowledge base, Inference Engine and User Interface
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Explain Knowledge Base?
Knowledge base are the facts and judgmental knowledge that is gathered from the human experts and stored. This allows the system to make a good guess like a human expert.
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What is the Interface Engine?
Inference engine is the program that analyses the knowledge.
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What is the User Interface?
User Interface allows the user to interact by asking and answering questions.
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What are the advantages of an Expert system?
Saves doctors time. A quicker diagnosis. Don't have to leave the home. Open up more to a Computer. Cheaper to update. 24/7. Never retire or Holiday. Store more info. Never forgets. Can support and offer a 2nd opinion for doctors and patients.
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What are the disadvanatages to an Expert system?
Have to keep it up-to-date. Loss of doctor expertise. Expensive to buy and set up and maintain. Relies on correct info. Lack of Personal contact. May not be accurate as can't run tests. No common sense.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give 4 advantages to body monitors.

Back

Monitors patients 24/7. Alarms can be set to alert medical staff when sensor picks up result over a certain level. Sensors can be adjusted to suit individual patients. Information can be recorded, printed out, and so on. Takes pressure off Nurses.

Card 3

Front

Give 3 disadvantages to body monitors.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the 2 Body Scanners?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a MRI Scan?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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