Hydrological Cycle Key Terms

P O T E N T I A L E V A P O R A T I O N N
N I B T E C H N O L O G I C A L F I X V F
C Y C L O N I C R A I N F A L L A E J M U
H Y D R O L O G I C A L D R O U G H T O S
G B I J R M S J G P J B Q W N D H N E F O
F R V A H H R L F M G C O J R T D W E P A
O V B J G O R S X G Q L S P T X T T F C R
I P O F N G C M Q C W J O M E W J L E U H
L P O K B A V W C V Y H X M W Y A D J P D
G R O U N D W A T E R F L O O D I N G W O
S U R F A C E W A T E R F L O O D I N G Y
Y X T U B P A L L Q Q C O Y Q J O S V D O
M V Q S O B N U I Y V C U W Y T I K Q N Y
X L X H I D R K H I K J D T V L J M D Q G
I N F I L T R A T I O N C A P A C I T Y D
X E V A P O T R A N S P I R A T I O N O O
C O N V E C T I O N A L R A I N F A L L D
X U B L P X T H I B G R C V N V C S F Q Y
T Y O R O G R A P H I C R A I N F A L L K
F D F Y W S J P J R F T D J H Q Y I W P M
C T A G A X A C B N E D Y M M W I Y M R P

Clues

  • A human innovation using technology to solve a problem such as water supply issues. (13, 3)
  • A period or sustained, moderately intensive rainfall; it is associated with the passage of depressions. (8, 8)
  • Associated with reduced stream flow and groundwater levels which decrease due to reduced inputs of precipitation and continued high rates of evaporation. Results in reduced storage in lakes and reservoirs often with marked salinisation and poorer wat (12, 7)
  • Concentrated on the windward slopes and summits of mountains. (10, 8)
  • Flooding that occurs after the ground has become saturated from prolonged heavy rainfall. (11, 8)
  • Flooding that occurs when intense rainfall has insufficient time to infiltrate the soil, so flows overland. (7, 5, 8)
  • Often associated with intense thunderstorms, which occur widely in areas with ground heating such as the tropics and continental interiors. (12, 8)
  • The combined effect of evaporation and transpiration. (18)
  • The maximum rate at which rain can be absorbed by a soil. (12, 8)
  • The water loss that would occur if there was an unlimited supply of water in the soil for use by vegetation. (9, 11)

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