Hydrocarbons Key Words and Points

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1. What is an isomer

  • A type of alkane which is unsaturated
  • The same structure but a different molecular formula
  • The same molecular formula but different structures
  • Different physical properties but the same molecular formula
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2. What is an alkene?

  • A saturated alkane
  • When a hydrocarbon has one or more carbon-carbon covalent bonds
  • When an alkane is combusted
  • An isomer of alkanes

3. Why does it make this colour change?

  • It is a substitution reaction as alkanes are saturated
  • It is an addition reaction as alkenes are unsaturated and react
  • It indicates the presence of acidity
  • It indicates the presence of an alkaline substance

4. Define Hydrocarbon

  • Organic Compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon
  • A hydrated carbon substance
  • A type of crude oil

5. What is needed for the reaction of methane with bromine?

  • UV Light
  • The presence of oxygen and water
  • Heat Energy
  • Kinetic Energy


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