Humanistic Approach

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  • Created by: Han2812
  • Created on: 11-05-14 12:28
What are the basic assumptions of the Humanistic Approach?
Humans(Hs)should be viewed as a whole, not reduced to components. Hs are unique, should be valued as such. Hs are active agents, have free will - can determine their own path. Hs strive to achieve self-actualisation
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What is Person-Centred Therapy (PCT)?
CARL ROGERS - developed 1940/50s. Non-directive, talking therapy. Therapists encourage client to express inner feelings + perceptions. Therapist is a mirror, repeating what has been said bk to client - has free will what to change to help themselves
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What is Concept of Self?
Rodgers believed there was 3 'selves' - Self-concept - way we see ourselves, ideal self - who we want to be, real self - person who we are. PCT aims to close gap between ideal and real self
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What is CONDITIONS OF WORTH?
Where a child will only receive praise, love ect. from parents if it behaves in ways that are considered by them to be socially acceptable. If love or positive regard is unconditional by therapist or parents - have opportunity to reach full potential
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What are MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS?
4 lower levels - PHYSIOLOGICAL (food, sex, sleep), SAFETY (our home environment), LOVE/BELONGING (affection, part of groups), ESTEEM (self-esteem + respect from others). SELF-ACTUALISATION - top level. Can only be achieved if others have been - poten
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What are the STRENGTHS of the humanistic approach?
STRENGTHS: View person as an active agent, determine own development, unlike behaviourism + promote idea of free will, opposed to determinism. Subjective view of a person is of value + importance. PCT is used by psychologists + therapists today
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What are the WEAKNESSES of the humanistic approach?
WEAKNESSES: Unscientific - lack empirical support. Theories are hard to falsify. Over-emphasise the person's ability to change + develop, + ignore cultural constraints. Individual emotions and consciousness are difficult to study objectively
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Card 2

Front

What is Person-Centred Therapy (PCT)?

Back

CARL ROGERS - developed 1940/50s. Non-directive, talking therapy. Therapists encourage client to express inner feelings + perceptions. Therapist is a mirror, repeating what has been said bk to client - has free will what to change to help themselves

Card 3

Front

What is Concept of Self?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is CONDITIONS OF WORTH?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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