Human Nature- Key Terminology

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Doctrine
Means teaching and has come to mean the offical teahing of the Church on key areas of Christian theology i.e. The Incarnation. These are frequently discussed and refined by theologians.
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Akrasia
This is the paradox that when a person chooses voluntarily to do an action even though the alternative is better.
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Neo-Platonism
The term scholars use to refer to the followers of Plato in the 3rd Century AD, notably Plontinus. They were dualists believing in a diffrence between thought and reality, matter and God, and body and soul.
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The One
This refers to God which can only be achieved once the soul has seperated itself from all thought and material influence.
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The Will
In Augustines thought, is the aspect of the image of God which distinguishes humans from all other animals.
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Manichees
Believed that suffering and evil in the world are not caused by God, but by a lower power. Humans have 2 souls: one which desires God and the other desires evil.
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The Fall
The moment described in Genesis 3, when Adam and Eve rebelled against God and were punished by being expelled from Eden (paradise)
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Cupiditas
Latin key word used by Augustine meaning selfish love.
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Caritas
Latin Key word used by Augustine meaning generous love.
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Continence
Means self-restraint especially to abstain from sexual pleasures. Augustine describes this using the metaphor of a beautiful woman.
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Concupiscence
Is a sexual lust but can also refer to uncontrolled desires of all kinds.
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Original Sin
The Christian notion that despite beng created in the image of God, all humans fail to fufil this potential. Diffrent from actual sins committed by individuals.
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Pre-Lapsarian
The world before the Fall of Adam and Eve.
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Post-Lapsarian
The world after the Fall of Adam and Eve, or simply the fallen world.
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Ontological
Refers to being or the nature of existence.
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Imago Dei (Latin)
Used in Genesis 1:27, subject of interpretation. e.g. human ability to be in a relationship with God as mirror of the divine.
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Deliberative Soul
Although the soul is a single entity, according to Plato it has various functions which incude reason and desire, or as Augustine terms it, the deliberative and obedient.
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Grace
Is God's generous, undeserved and free act of love for the world, expressed supremely in the giving of his son Jesus Christ in order that humans might overcome their sinful natures.
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Election
Is the Christian doctrine that salvation is possible because God chooses to redeem humans first.
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The Enlightenment
Refers primarily to the 18th Century thinkers such as Hume and Kant, who argued that knowledge could only be obtained through human reason and observation and not through divine relevation or other authorities.
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Bad Faith
Or "Mauvaise Foi" is the inauthentic life which is not lived freely but according to a stereotype or preconcieved image or idea.
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Redemption
Is when humans are freed from sin, suffering and death, in Christian thought is obtained in the world through Jesus Christ.
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Eschatology
Means literally "discussion of the last things" and is the time when the present age comes to completion and creation achieves perfection. Some consider it refers also to moral and spiritual completion.
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Card 2

Front

This is the paradox that when a person chooses voluntarily to do an action even though the alternative is better.

Back

Akrasia

Card 3

Front

The term scholars use to refer to the followers of Plato in the 3rd Century AD, notably Plontinus. They were dualists believing in a diffrence between thought and reality, matter and God, and body and soul.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

This refers to God which can only be achieved once the soul has seperated itself from all thought and material influence.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

In Augustines thought, is the aspect of the image of God which distinguishes humans from all other animals.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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