Human health and diet - B1b

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  • Created by: iram_f
  • Created on: 12-10-14 14:47
How are carbohydrates and fats stored in the body?
Carbohydrates are converted from glucose and stored in the liver as glycogen, whilst fats are stored under the skin and around organs as adipose tissue. Proteins are not stored and are only used as energy if carbohydrates & fats are in short supply.
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What are first class and second class proteins?
First class proteins provide essential amino acids (which cannot be made by the body) from meat and fish. Second class proteins are obtained from plant proteins, such as lentils.
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What nutrients do you need to keep you healthy?
You need carbohydrates & fats for energy, proteins for growth and repair, vitamins and minerals, fibre and water to keep you healthy.
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What affects your diet?
Personal & religious beliefs (about animal welfare & prohibition of some foods), medical issues (allergies), age (young people need more calories due to growth), sex (males need more calories) and activity (exercise) alter most people's diets.
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How do you calculate BMI and EAR?
BMI = mass (kg)/ height (m) squared. EAR = 0.6 x body mass (kg).
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What is kwashiorkor and why is it prevalent in developing countries?
Kwashiorkor is protein deficiency and is usually due to overpopulation and famine.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are first class and second class proteins?

Back

First class proteins provide essential amino acids (which cannot be made by the body) from meat and fish. Second class proteins are obtained from plant proteins, such as lentils.

Card 3

Front

What nutrients do you need to keep you healthy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What affects your diet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How do you calculate BMI and EAR?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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