Human Geography - Tourism

Quick Facts about Human Geography Tourism Unit

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  • Created by: EveKidney
  • Created on: 04-05-15 13:49
Tourism is the worlds fastest growing industry
Helps countries increase its wealth and therefore its level of economic development
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Cumulative Causation - The Relationship between Tourism and Economic Growth
Why air trips and GNP not proportional - Elderly and limit to when people want to travel - time and money are factors
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Trends show travel FROM MEDC'S - slower in future, faster in countries with rapid economic development - China
Tourism often acts as a stimulus to further economic development
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However, can also increase the gap between rich and poor in a certain country
Sometimes lead to 'brain drain' in country - everyone moves to city - Exciting, new jobs, new opportunities, better way of life
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Many jobs created are seasonal, low paid and low skilled,
LEDCS, have to spend money on infrastructure to meet tourists demands
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Hotel and Road construction - destroy habitats and ruin the scenery - break up wildlife corridors
Economic Positive - Increased investment, Contributes to world GNP, Provides gov tax revenue,
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Economic Negative - Money borrowed (debt), Economic leakages, Labour intensive, GATS allow hotel giants to set up in countries
GATS - General Agreement on trade in services
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Environmental Positive - Conservation, Control of pollution and dereliction,
Environmental negative - land taken away locals, Pollution, Resource depletion, Water problems
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Social Positive - Improved facilities, Encourage migration, Traditional preserved, Greater appreciation of historical legacy
Social Negative - Congestion, Crime, Changing community structure, Traditional values abandoned
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Sustainable Tourism (United Nations) -
Tourism which meets the needs of the present tourists and host regions while protecting and enhancing opportunity for the future
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Environmental impact of travel -
As soon as we leave home - burning of fossil fuels-CO2-greenhouse gas-global warming
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The amount of CO2 produced by flying is generally around 3 times higher than the same journey made by car
How can Gov's help - Protected areas, Zoning, Tourist Hubs, Quotas
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Protected areas - National Parks, SACS (Special Areas Of Conservation), World Heritage Sites
Zoning - Wilderness Zone, Buffer Zones, Tourist Zones
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Govs can help to make tourism both Socially and Economically more sustainable by -
Involving local communities, Improving education, Introducing Regulations - local labour and produce, Promoting attractions and culture
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Countryside Commission - Tourist providers given 'checklist' by government to ensure sustainability
E.G - Protect & maintain local environmental quality, Reduce the use of cars, Involve local people and product, Increase local economic contribution from tourism
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why air trips and GNP not proportional - Elderly and limit to when people want to travel - time and money are factors

Back

Cumulative Causation - The Relationship between Tourism and Economic Growth

Card 3

Front

Tourism often acts as a stimulus to further economic development

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Sometimes lead to 'brain drain' in country - everyone moves to city - Exciting, new jobs, new opportunities, better way of life

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

LEDCS, have to spend money on infrastructure to meet tourists demands

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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