Human keywords

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Settlement
A place where people live
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Millionaire city
Urban with more that 1 million people
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Rural
The countryside
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Urban
The city/town
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Mega city
A city with a population higher than 20 million people
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Functions
The reason a settlement exists
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Land use
The way the land surface is used
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Urbanisation
The process whereby people move to cities
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Population density
A measurement of the number of people in a certain area.If the population is low it is known as a sparsely populated, if it high this is know as densely populated
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Population distribution
The spread of people within a certain area, including where they are and what patterns can be shown
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LIC
Low income country
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NEE
Newly emerging economy
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HIC
High income country
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GNI
The total value of goods and services produced by a country plus money earned from and paid to other countries
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Quality of life
The general well being of a person of society, defined in terms of health and happiness, rather than wealth
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HDI
Devised by the united nations. This shows a measure of development based on wealth, health and education of different countries
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Birth rate
The mount of births in 1000 years
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Death rate
Amount of deaths in 1000 years
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People per doctor
Ratio of patients to doctoers
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Infant mortality
The number of babies who have died before their 1st birthday
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Primary employment
Percentage of people employed in primary jobs
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Trade
The volume, value and type of imports and exports
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Food intake
The number of kilocalories each person in the country takes in each day
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Migration
The movement of people from place to place
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Immigrant
A person who moves into country
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Emigrant
A person who moves out of a country
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Economic Migrant
A person who moves voluntarily to seek a better life such as better paid job
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Refugee
A person who is forced to move from their own country as a result of civil war or disasters
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Displaced person
A person forced to move their home but stays in their own country
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Asylum seeker
A person who has left their home country as a political refugee and is seeking asylum in another country
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Non government aid
These distribute aid in a variety of ways. Many of them are charities like Oxfam, which raise money for development projects, ensuring aid is directed at the people who need it most
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Bilateral aid
Aid is given directly by the government of one country to another
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Multilateral aid
Aid given by government to international organisation which use the money to assist programmes in poorer countries
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Intermediate technology
Simple, Labour-intensive and non-traditional scientific and technological production methods that are usually environmentally friendly
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Sustainability
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
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Exports
The goods and services produced in one country and purchased by citizens of another country
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Imports
Foreign goods and services bought by residents of a country
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Trade surplus
A trade surplus means that the value of exports is greater than imports
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Trade deficit
A trade deficit is hwen there are more imports than exports
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Tariffs
Taxes imposed on imports, which makes foreign goods more expensive to the consumer
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Subsides
Money given by a government or an organisation to reduce the cost of producing food or a product
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Qoutas
Limits on the amount of goods imported and usually work in the MEDC favour
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Free trade
A policy to eliminate discrimination against imports and exports. Buyers and sellers from different economies many voluntarily trade without a government applying tariffs, quotas, subsides or prohibitions on goods and services
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Fair trade
A trading partnership based on dialogue, transparency and respect, that seeks greater equality in international trade
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Primary industry
Industries that use or extract raw materials such as fishing or logging
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Secondary industry
Industries that turn raw materials into products that can be used
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Tertiary industry
Industries that involve providing a service for other people
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Quaternary industry
Industries that are either hi-tech, involve research or space
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Deindustrialisation
The decline in the secondary manufacturing industry and the subsequent growth in the tertiary and quarternary industries
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Globalisation
The growth and spread of ideas around the world. This can involve the movement and spread of cultures, people, moeny, goods and information
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Industrailisation
The development of industries in a country or region on a large scale such as the industrial revolution
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Business parks
An area of land occupied by a cluster of businesses
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Science parks
A group of scientific and technological based businesses located on a single site
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Water transfer
Schemes move water via pipe or truck from areas of supply to areas of demand
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Water supply
The provision of water by individuals, communities, public bodies or companies
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Water demand
The quantity of water required to meet people's needs
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Water conflict
In regions where water is in scarce supply conflict often ocurs
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Water quality
Quality can be measured in terms of the chemical, physical and biological content of water. The most common standards used to assess water quality relate to health of ecosystems, safety of human contact and drinking water
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Water security
The reliable availability of an acceptable quantity and quality of water for health, livelihoods and production
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Water stress
Occurs when the demand for water exceeds the available amount during a certain period or when poor quality restricts its use
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Water insecurity
When water availability is not enough to ensure the population of an area enjoys good health, livelihood and earnings. this can be caused by water insufficiency or poor water quality
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Economic water scarcity
Where a country has water, but doesn't have the economic means to access it or make it safe to drink, as is the case in parts of Afghanistan
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Physical water scarcity
When countries do not have enough water due to climate reasons and other physical reasons
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Physical water scarcity
When countries do not have enough water due to climate reasons and other physical reasons
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Urban with more that 1 million people

Back

Millionaire city

Card 3

Front

The countryside

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The city/town

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A city with a population higher than 20 million people

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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