Human Geography - Population Change

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1. What is Natural Increase?

  • Stage 5 of the demographic transition model
  • A gradual increase in the number of births per year
  • When the birth rate is higher than the death rate so the population grows
  • A gradual increase in the number of deaths per year
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2. What are the four main stratergies to cope with an ageing population?

  • Improved medical facilities, increased retirement age, encouraging immigration and encouraging larger families.
  • Increased taxes, increased retirement age, encouraging immigration and encouraging larger families.
  • More free transport for older people, increased taxes, increased retirement age, more elderly provisions
  • Increased taxes, decreased retirement age, encouraging immigration, encouraging smaller families

3. What does the population pyramid for stage 1 look like?

  • wide top, wide bottom
  • wide bottom, thin top
  • thin top, thin bottom
  • thin bottom, wide top

4. What is an example of a push factor for migration?

  • War or Natural disaster
  • Weather
  • Good Standard of living
  • High Wages

5. Define the Death Rate

  • The number of deaths per 1000 of the population, a year
  • The number of deaths per 100 of the population, a year
  • The number of deaths per 1000 of the population, a month
  • Total number of deaths in one year

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