HSC07 (Food and Fitness): 3.7.3 Physical, Social and Psychological benefits of regular exercise

What causes stress?
1) Work pressure/Job insecurity 2) Anxiety about friends/family 3) Hostility from others 4) Time pressure
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How does exercise control stress?
1) Improves sleeping pattern as exercise leads to fatigue meaning relaxation is the result 2) BP is reduced, and indigestion is prevented 3) Concentration span and decision making is improved (keeps the brain healthy) 4) anxiety is lowered
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How does exercise raise self-esteem?
1) Exercise stimulates secretion of hormones (such as neurotransmitters - endorphins and encephalins) 2) Neurotransmitters create 'feel good' factor - masks pain of exercise to feel good 3) Weight loss will raise self-esteem too.
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How does exercise combat ageing?
1) Max heart rate maintained 2) elasticity of arteries maintained 3) BP reduced - meaning risk of thrombosis forming is reduced 4) muscle & fibre loss reduced - reduces risk of osteoporosis 5) slows loss of body system 6) decreased cholesterol levels
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Three diseases that can occur with ageing that can be combatted by exercise
Atherosclerosis (Plaque in arteries broken down), Osteoporosis (bone density maintained), Thrombosis (blood doesn't clot as easily)
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Less food in =
more energy out (weight loss occurs)
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Food in =
energy out (weight is maintained)
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More food in =
less energy out (weight gain)
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Exercise suppresses appetite as...
it temporarily reduces and slows digestion.
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During exercise, the blood supply is...
directed towards the skeletal muscles rather than being used to digest food
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Variety in diet is good because...
1) makes it more appealing 2) No deficiency or excess of important dietary needs.
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Effects of FAT deficiency
Lack energy
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Effects of FAT excess
CHD, and obesity
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Effects of CARBS deficiency
Lack energy
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Effects of CARBS excess
Obesity
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Name the social benefits of exercise
1) meet new people with similar interests 2) membership of team - sense of belonging and achievement, social contact, support and approval 3) raises self esteem and self confidence 4) shared interests make relationships more enjoyable.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1) Improves sleeping pattern as exercise leads to fatigue meaning relaxation is the result 2) BP is reduced, and indigestion is prevented 3) Concentration span and decision making is improved (keeps the brain healthy) 4) anxiety is lowered

Back

How does exercise control stress?

Card 3

Front

1) Exercise stimulates secretion of hormones (such as neurotransmitters - endorphins and encephalins) 2) Neurotransmitters create 'feel good' factor - masks pain of exercise to feel good 3) Weight loss will raise self-esteem too.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1) Max heart rate maintained 2) elasticity of arteries maintained 3) BP reduced - meaning risk of thrombosis forming is reduced 4) muscle & fibre loss reduced - reduces risk of osteoporosis 5) slows loss of body system 6) decreased cholesterol levels

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Atherosclerosis (Plaque in arteries broken down), Osteoporosis (bone density maintained), Thrombosis (blood doesn't clot as easily)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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