How did Hitler change Germany from a democracy to a Nazi dictatorship

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  • Created by: jessica
  • Created on: 09-06-13 14:24
When Hitler became chancellor he had limited control however within 18 months what had happened?
Within 18 months Hitler had destroyed the Wiemar constitution and became dictator
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When did the Reichstag Fire take place?
The Reichstag fire took place on 27 February 1933
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Who were the Nazis quick to blame?
The Nazis were quick to blame the Communists
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How were the Nazis able to support their blame on the Communists?
A Dutch Communist - van der Lubbe was caught at the scene and he was found guilty
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What did the Communists say about this?
The Communists believed it was a Nazi plot. Although van der Lubbe may have started one of the fires it was believed that the SA had helped him
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Who were the SA?
The SA were Hitlers own private army
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The day after the fire what did Hitler persuade Hindenburg to do?
Hitler persuaded Hindenburg to pass an Emergency Degree - The law of The protection of the people and the state
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What power did the new law give to Hitler?
This law gave Hitler the power to arrest anyone suspected of opposing the government
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In the March election of 1933 what opportunity did Hitler have against his political opponents?
Hitler arrested many of his political opponents and by using the SA to threaten the others many were too afraid to vote.
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What else did Hitler use this new law for the Nazis benefit?
Hitler used the new law to stop Communists from taking their seats
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In the March elections the Communist Party had been banned after the Reichstag fire when was all other parties banned?
The banishment of other political parties was between May and July
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After the banishment of all other political parties, Hitler then passed a law against the other political parties. What was this?
Hitler passed a law against the formation of other political parties
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How did this benefit the Nazi parties?
This benefited the Nazi parties as they were the only political organisiations allowed in Germany
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When was the Trade Unions closed down?
The Trade Unions was closed down in May 1933
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Whom were they then replaced by?
The Trade Union was then replaced by the Nazis' own trade union
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What was this called?
The Nazi's own trade union was called the German Labour front.
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In July 1933 Hitler signed an agreement with the Pope. What was this agreement?
Catholics agreed to accept Hitlers promise that he would not interfere with Catholicism in Germany
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Hitler was not fully in control of the SA. Who was the SA's leader?
The SA's leader was Ernst Röhm
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Hitler wanted a professional army however the SA would not have been suitable. Why is this?
The SA would have not been suitable for Hitlers idea of a professional army as they had a reputation for violence which gave t he Nazis a bad name
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Who did Hitler replace the SA with?
Hitler replaced the SA with the SS
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Who were the SS?
The SS were Hitlers personal body guards
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On what night did Hitler use the SS to arrest and shoot the leading members of the SA?
Hitler used the SS to arrest and shoot the leading members of the SA on the night of 20th June 1934
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How was Hitler able to do this without rising suspicions of Hitlers violence?
Hitler was able to carry this out without raising suspicions as he told Germany he was told that the SA leaders were plotting against him and to seize power.
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How many SA members were shot that night?
About 200 SA members were shot that night
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Hitler saw this as an opportunity to rid of some other political opponents the same time. Who else did Hitler kill?
Hitler also murdered the previous chancellor, von Schleicher
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What had Hitler told the Reichstag about his actions?
Hitler had told the Reichstage that his actions were to save the nation from a potential civil war
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What is this night known as?
The Night of the Long Knives
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On what date did President Hindenburg die?
President Hindenburg died on 2 august 1934
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What did Hindenburgs death mean to Hitler?
Hitler was then able to combine President and Chancellor together and become the Führer
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Card 2

Front

When did the Reichstag Fire take place?

Back

The Reichstag fire took place on 27 February 1933

Card 3

Front

Who were the Nazis quick to blame?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How were the Nazis able to support their blame on the Communists?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the Communists say about this?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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